Group Fitness for Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD)

Phase-Based Estimates
1
Effectiveness
1
Safety
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
+1 More
Group Fitness - Behavioral
Eligibility
18+
All Sexes
Eligible conditions
Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD)

Study Summary

Virtual Group Fitness and Nutrition Intervention for Individuals With Psychosis

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Eligible Conditions

  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD)

Treatment Effectiveness

Effectiveness Estimate

1 of 3

Study Objectives

This trial is evaluating whether Group Fitness will improve 3 primary outcomes and 9 secondary outcomes in patients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD). Measurement will happen over the course of baseline, 22 weeks.

22 weeks
Feasibility of lifestyle intervention
Motivation to exercise
Tolerability of educational nutritional sessions
Tolerability of group fitness classes
baseline, 22 weeks
Change in Hemoglobin A1c level (HbA1c)
Change in nutritional knowledge
Change in physical activity level
Change in psychological well being
Change in psychotic episodes
Change in resting heart rate
Change in self esteem
Change in weight

Trial Safety

Safety Estimate

1 of 3

Trial Design

2 Treatment Groups

Group B- Non-Intervention/Intervention
Group A- Intervention/Non-Intervention

This trial requires 24 total participants across 2 different treatment groups

This trial involves 2 different treatments. Group Fitness is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

Group A- Intervention/Non-InterventionParticipants in this arm will initially be randomized to the intervention period and will receive the interventions for 11 weeks followed by no interventions for 11 weeks.
Group B- Non-Intervention/InterventionParticipants in this arm will initially be randomized to the non-intervention period for 11 weeks followed by the intervention period for 11 weeks.

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Approximate Timeline
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: 22 weeks
This trial has the following approximate timeline: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and roughly 22 weeks for reporting.

Closest Location

Massachusetts General Hospital - Boston, MA

Eligibility Criteria

This trial is for patients born any sex aged 18 and older. There are 3 eligibility criteria to participate in this trial as listed below.

Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
Receiving outpatient psychiatric care for early-episode psychosis, schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder at Boston Medical Center or the Mass General Hospital
Proficient in English
Cleared by their primary care provider to perform 30 minutes of aerobic and strength exercise

Patient Q&A Section

Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.

What is schizophrenia?

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Schizophrenia is a chronic mental health problem that impacts individuals and their families. It is characterized by thought disorder, severe negative symptoms, and impaired social functioning.

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What are common treatments for schizophrenia?

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Acute exacerbations of the condition often require prompt medical attention and admission to hospital. Treatment usually consists of a combination of antipsychotic medication, anticonvulsants, antidepressants and at least one mood stabilizing medication. In some cases, benzodiazepines may be required. In other cases, more aggressive measures, such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), may be necessary. Where treatment is based on the severity of symptoms, it typically involves the patient being transferred from one psychiatric facility to another. The treatment of chronic cases usually involves the use of conventional antipsychotic medications. Other non-drug treatments include cognitive behaviour therapy and family support.

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Can schizophrenia be cured?

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Schizophrenia cannot be cured, as the condition is a psychological one. However, with good treatment, symptoms can be eliminated, and for many patients, they can live reasonably normal lives.

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What causes schizophrenia?

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The exact cause of schizophrenia remains unknown, but it is likely a combination of factors which present in the womb or early development. These factors include genetics, brain injury, and exposure to certain toxins during pregnancy.

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What are the signs of schizophrenia?

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Psychoses can be divided into two major subgroups: negative symptoms and positive symptoms. Negative symptoms include apathy, avolition, alogia, anhedonia, asociality and blunted affect. Positive symptoms include perceptual distortions, auditory and tactile hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech, thought disorder and inappropriate behaviors. These symptoms may reflect a combination of both the cognitive and affective functions on the one hand and the neuropathological brain processes on the other.

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How many people get schizophrenia a year in the United States?

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Over 5 million people in the United States are affected by the illness each year. In the first instance, schizophrenia is one of the most disabling chronic neurological disorders in the world.

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Is nutrition education safe for people?

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The majority of this study’s patients felt that general nutrition education was safe for people with schizophrenia. Results from a recent clinical trial provides strong evidence for the continued availability, and, where appropriate, escalation of this type of education among people with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis.

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Have there been any new discoveries for treating schizophrenia?

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We are still in the early part of discovering treatments for this challenging mental illnesses like schizophrenia but in the foreseeable future we may have some cures for it in the making (or in the past)

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What is the average age someone gets schizophrenia?

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Average age of symptoms onset is relatively young, about 19 years old. When you do research with schizophrenia, you will always find this is a common misconception of the average age of clinical onset. Which is a very important thing when the disease can come and go in the lifetime.\n

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What is the latest research for schizophrenia?

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More research is needed to understand the complexity; therefore, it remains challenging to develop effective interventions for schizophrenia for patients and their families. Research for schizophrenia is being carried out at the level of individuals, families and community.\n\n- Schizophrenia"

"Chinhoscelis\n\nChinhoscelis is a genus of mites in the family Acaridae.

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What is nutrition education?

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Nutritional education, if not integrated into comprehensive mental health services, remains confined to simplistic messages regarding the healthy diet. More in-depth education about the link between diet and mental illness and education on the role of nutritional disorders is warranted.

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Is nutrition education typically used in combination with any other treatments?

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Nutrition education alone significantly increased the probability of patients with schizophrenia receiving weight-control counselling as a result of our intervention. However, education alone did not reduce the proportion of patients with schizophrenia to engage in weight training.

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