Positive Affect Regulation sKills (PARK) for Burnout, Professional

Phase-Based Progress Estimates
Northwestern University, Chicago, IL
Burnout, Professional+9 More
Positive Affect Regulation sKills (PARK) - Behavioral
All Sexes
What conditions do you have?

Study Summary

Healthcare systems around the world have faced tremendous stress because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Healthcare workers (HCWs) (ie. physicians, nurses, and support staff), who serve as the foundation of the healthcare system, report high levels of psychological stress and burnout, which will likely worsen as the pandemic continues. The consequences of stress and burnout can reduce quality of life for providers and lead to adverse health behaviors (poor dietary choices, reduced physical activity, increased alcohol intake, increases in weight etc.) among HCWs. In addition, burnout can have dire consequences on healthcare delivery effectiveness including poor quality of care and significant cost implications due to medical errors and HCW absenteeism and turnover. In fact, annual estimates of burn-out related turnover range from $7,600 per physician to >$16,000 per nurse. However, programs focused on reducing burnout in HCWs have the potential to reduce costs to the healthcare system by $5,000 per HCW per year. Maintaining and recovering psychological and behavioral well-being is essential to ensuring we have a workforce that is resilient to acute and ongoing stressors such as the COVID-19 pandemic, ensuring that they are capable of providing the highest level of quality and compassionate care to patients. In this project, we will strengthen the resiliency of the Northwestern Medicine (NM) healthcare system by implementing an online psychological well-being intervention (PARK). We will assess HCW willingness to engage in PARK, which has been shown in other populations experiencing stress (e.g. dementia caregivers, general public coping with COVID-19) to be effective. We will also assess if the PARK is effective in reducing stress and associated-burnout, absenteeism, and intentions to leave the workforce in a subset of 750 persons who have been participating in a study of HCWs at NM since Spring 2020. In the entire cohort, we will measure the psychological well-being, levels of burnout, health behaviors, absenteeism, and plans to leave the workforce at three time periods: the start, middle, and end of the study period and assess whether they differ by HCW characteristics including gender, race, and role in health care. Results from this study will provide much-needed information: 1) about the current state of psychological well-being and burnout among NM HCWs, now over 1 ½ years into the pandemic; 2) on the role of an online wellness intervention to improve well-being during a protracted pandemic; and 3) about the contribution of PARK to reduce burnout, HCW absenteeism and turnover, and potential impacts on costs. PARK has the potential to have a significant impact on not only NM HCWs but also to be generalizable to other healthcare organizations for addressing burnout and to contribute to lessons learned on how to support HCWs responding to future pandemics; ensuring resiliency in the healthcare delivery system. In addition, we will work with our already engaged stakeholder committee to ensure results can provide actionable policy and fiscal insights. Future opportunities will include collaboration with other healthcare systems to expand roll-out of the successful PARK intervention.

Eligible Conditions

  • Burnout, Professional
  • COVID19 (disease)
  • Work-related Illness
  • Work Related Stress
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)
  • COVID-19
  • Psychological Burnout

Treatment Effectiveness

Effectiveness Progress

1 of 3

Study Objectives

4 Primary · 2 Secondary · Reporting Duration: Survey will be sent out at 3 months

Month 3
Cardio-metabolic behaviors and health-related absenteeism at 3 months
Psychological well-being at 3 months
Month 3
Burnout at 3 months
Survey will be sent out at baseline
Psychological well-being
Survey will be sent out at baseline.
Cardio-metabolic behaviors and health-related absenteeism

Trial Safety

Trial Design

2 Treatment Groups

Wait List Control-PARK Later
1 of 2
1 of 2
Active Control
Experimental Treatment

500 Total Participants · 2 Treatment Groups

Primary Treatment: Positive Affect Regulation sKills (PARK) · No Placebo Group · N/A

Experimental Group · 1 Intervention: Positive Affect Regulation sKills (PARK) · Intervention Types: Behavioral
Wait List Control-PARK LaterNoIntervention Group · 1 Intervention: Wait List Control-PARK Later · Intervention Types:

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Approximate Timeline
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: survey will be sent out at 3 months
Closest Location: Northwestern University · Chicago, IL
Photo of Northwestern University 1Photo of Northwestern University 2Photo of Northwestern University 3
1993First Recorded Clinical Trial
1 TrialsResearching Burnout, Professional
1041 CompletedClinical Trials

Who is running the clinical trial?

Northwestern UniversityLead Sponsor
1,421 Previous Clinical Trials
716,877 Total Patients Enrolled
Charlesnika Evans, PhDPrincipal InvestigatorNorthwestern University

Eligibility Criteria

Age 18+ · All Participants · 3 Total Inclusion Criteria

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About The Reviewer

Michael Gill preview

Michael Gill - B. Sc.

First Published: October 9th, 2021

Last Reviewed: August 12th, 2022

Michael Gill holds a Bachelors of Science in Integrated Science and Mathematics from McMaster University. During his degree he devoted considerable time modeling the pharmacodynamics of promising drug candidates. Since then, he has leveraged this knowledge of the investigational new drug ecosystem to help his father navigate clinical trials for multiple myeloma, an experience which prompted him to co-found Power Life Sciences: a company that helps patients access randomized controlled trials.