Anxiety, [social anxiety](https://www.withpower.com/clinical-trials/social-anxiety) disorder, and social phobia cannot be cured. This may be because (a) there is no cure for anxiety, (b) the social anxiety originates from the anxiety, or (c) the social phobia has a different underlying cause. In people with (a) anxiety, social phobia, or (c) a phobia-to-anxiety or anxiety-to-phobia cause, treatment or management is very different.
Anxiety is generally characterized by fear and anticipatory anxiety, which are the most common manifestations of social anxiety. Anxiety symptoms usually increase in the presence of a social anxiety-related situation. Social anxiety is a relatively new diagnosis that has been reported in various forms in the literature in the past two decades.
Anxiety is linked to the perception of social stressors. These stressors can be physical (e.g. illness, death of a loved one) or social (e.g. conflict within a peer group). These stressors may evoke physiological response that is potentially harmful and can cause an anxiety disorder. In such cases one may develop anxiety in an attempt to alleviate the perceived threat.\n
Symptoms of psychological distress are the early presentation of many cardiovascular diseases, especially coronary artery disease. Patients with anxiety present earlier than patients without. Furthermore, patients with low socioeconomic status have an increased prevalence of anxiety disorders.
Anxiety disorders and social phobias are common (6.6 million adults and 4.1 million children in 2000). A significant number of these patients are uninsured and have few employment options.
A lot of people never get diagnosed with a [social anxiety](https://www.withpower.com/clinical-trials/social-anxiety) disorder. There is not a simple way of detecting if someone has one. Many people know all they need to know, but get ignored because they suffer from it, then the next day they are overwhelmed again because of it. Someone can tell if their anxiety is a problem and what they are going through by their personality and their thoughts and actions.
Social anxiety can be a chronic disorder, and it may be that there are no effective treatments for social anxiety in children or young adults. This issue may be addressed by providing social anxiety management approaches that are tailored to the individual needs of young adults. Parental involvement is an important part of treatment for social anxiety in young adults.
The SAB was shown to function as a short-term and effective clinical tool to treat social phobia and as complementary treatment to a wide variety of other psychotherapeutic approaches.
A minority of health care providers are aware of clinical trial websites and may wish to consider clinical trial options for evaluating potential new therapies for [social anxiety](https://www.withpower.com/clinical-trials/social-anxiety) disorder, however, the majority prefer not to participate. Most clinicians are motivated by lack of patient education to initiate therapies for anxiety and social discomfort.
In a recent study, findings suggest that safety related behavior is not reduced if the social anxiety is less intense, when the people with the social anxiety have a normal sense of the risks and safety cues associated with the behavior, and when the person with the social anxiety is less anxious about the behavior.
Anxiety- and social-related genes are strongly linked, perhaps by common environmental factors. Furthermore, the shared genes may have pleiotropic actions or act on several different pathways, and their effects may be more obvious when both disorders are present in the same families.