Deadlift Form Education for Low Back Pain

Phase-Based Progress Estimates
1
Effectiveness
1
Safety
Keller Army Community Hospital, West Point, NY
Low Back Pain+1 More
Deadlift Form Education - Behavioral
Eligibility
< 65
All Sexes
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Study Summary

Background: Lower back injuries are a common occurrence in athletes, sports programs, and in the military (Bengtsson, 2018; Lovalekar, 2021). The Army's new fitness test includes a three-repetition maximum deadlift, and this inclusion has raised concern amongst servicemembers and healthcare workers due to the association between deadlifts and lower back injuries. There is debate amongst researchers about the role of deadlift form in lower back injury prevention, specifically related to flexion of the spine (Sjoberg, 2020). Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of low back pain education (either cautionary regarding injury risk or reassuring regarding spine resiliency) on deadlift performance (weight lifted), and if this education has an effect on self-efficacy and perceived spine vulnerability. Participants: Participants will be incoming new cadets at the United States Military Academy (USMA). Inclusion criteria are cadets age 17-26 (cadets under the age of 18 are legally emancipated therefore able to consent), those participating in the ACFT, and speak and understand English. Study Design: This study will be a randomized controlled trial with parallel design and 1:1 allocation ratio. The investigators plan to use cluster randomization. There will be three groups- control, cautionary, reassuring (Jackson, 2005). The investigators are also planning a prospective cohort study to assess self-efficacy, injury, and performance over time. Procedures: Data will be collected at the United States Military Academy during the summer of 2022 during cadet basic training. Shortly after new cadets arrive at USMA, the investigators will gather demographic and initial self-efficacy information. The randomized control element of this study will occur before and during the maximum deadlift (MDL) of the Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT). At the start of cadet basic training, investigators will randomly allocate each company of cadets into one of three groups (three companies per group.) The investigator will administer the education (cautionary, reassuring, or control) shortly prior to cadets taking the MDL, and will collect results after the ACFT. The cautionary education is similar to standard information provided to many servicemembers before the start of an ACFT or a maximum deadlift.

Eligible Conditions

  • Low Back Pain
  • Musculoskeletal Injuries

Treatment Effectiveness

Effectiveness Progress

1 of 3

Study Objectives

2 Primary · 1 Secondary · Reporting Duration: Day1/Post-Test

Day 1/Post-Test
Deadlift Self-Efficacy Questionnaire
Day 1/Post-intervention
Maximum Deadlift weight lifted
Day1/Post-Test
Perceived spine vulnerability questionnaire

Trial Safety

Safety Progress

1 of 3

Trial Design

3 Treatment Groups

Control
1 of 3
Cautionary
1 of 3
Reassuring
1 of 3
Active Control
Experimental Treatment

1200 Total Participants · 3 Treatment Groups

Primary Treatment: Deadlift Form Education · No Placebo Group · N/A

Cautionary
Behavioral
Experimental Group · 1 Intervention: Deadlift Form Education · Intervention Types: Behavioral
Reassuring
Behavioral
Experimental Group · 1 Intervention: Deadlift Form Education · Intervention Types: Behavioral
ControlNoIntervention Group · 1 Intervention: Control · Intervention Types:

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Approximate Timeline
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: day1/post-test
Closest Location: Keller Army Community Hospital · West Point, NY
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2014First Recorded Clinical Trial
1 TrialsResearching Low Back Pain
7 CompletedClinical Trials

Who is running the clinical trial?

Keller Army Community HospitalLead Sponsor
14 Previous Clinical Trials
830 Total Patients Enrolled
1 Trials studying Low Back Pain
47 Patients Enrolled for Low Back Pain

Eligibility Criteria

Age < 65 · All Participants · 1 Total Inclusion Criteria

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About The Reviewer

Michael Gill preview

Michael Gill - B. Sc.

First Published: October 9th, 2021

Last Reviewed: August 12th, 2022

Michael Gill holds a Bachelors of Science in Integrated Science and Mathematics from McMaster University. During his degree he devoted considerable time modeling the pharmacodynamics of promising drug candidates. Since then, he has leveraged this knowledge of the investigational new drug ecosystem to help his father navigate clinical trials for multiple myeloma, an experience which prompted him to co-found Power Life Sciences: a company that helps patients access randomized controlled trials.