smoking abstinence for Behaviour

Phase-Based Estimates
1
Effectiveness
1
Safety
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR
smoking abstinence - Other
Eligibility
18 - 65
All Sexes
Eligible conditions
Behaviour

Study Summary

Effects of Smoking State on Decision Making

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Treatment Effectiveness

Study Objectives

This trial is evaluating whether smoking abstinence will improve 2 primary outcomes in patients with Behaviour. Measurement will happen over the course of through study completion, an average of 1 year.

Year 1
Distress tolerance behavior
Effort based decision making

Trial Safety

Trial Design

2 Treatment Groups

Control
All Subjects

This trial requires 30 total participants across 2 different treatment groups

This trial involves 2 different treatments. Smoking Abstinence is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

All Subjectsfor the abstinence intervention, 12+ hours after smoking will be assessed before assessments following smoking as normal For the satiated intervention, smoking as normal will be assessed first before assessments following 12+ hours of abstinence from smoking
ControlNo treatment in the control group

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Approximate Timeline
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: through study completion, an average of 1 year
This trial has the following approximate timeline: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and roughly through study completion, an average of 1 year for reporting.

Closest Location

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences - Little Rock, AR

Eligibility Criteria

This trial is for patients born any sex between 18 and 65 years old. There are 3 eligibility criteria to participate in this trial as listed below.

Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
result The person's urine drug screen result is negative. show original
The study included people aged from 18 to 55 years. show original
The text states that the person smokes cigarettes or e-cigarettes. show original

Patient Q&A Section

Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.

What are the signs of behaviour?

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There is no "one answer" to the question:What are the signs of behaviour? Each of the signs of behaviour have been studied to some extent by psychologists and they have all produced somewhat contradictory results regarding how they manifest themselves as signs. This contradiction demonstrates how the term signs of behaviour is still undefined in this field. The signs of behaviour seem to include most of what psychologists have been previously trying to identify; however these signs are often considered to be distinct from symptoms such as anxiety, depression or loss of interest. A clear definition of the behaviour and what it signifies may prove a useful guide to research in this area. This definition could be used by both researchers and clinicians in order to obtain consensus regarding the signs of behaviour.

Unverified Answer

What causes behaviour?

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Behaviour is influenced by many factors including the genetic makeup of each individual, environment, and individual's personality. One of the major theories in the field on the nature of behaviour states that the personality of the individual determines and is influenced by the nature of one's environment. In this view, personality is dependent upon one's social, familial, and institutional contexts, and the environment in which one lives. The theory predicts that a strong personality, if placed in a stressful and inadequately predictable world, will be more sensitive to internal and external stimuli, and so likely to initiate or maintain maladaptive behaviours.

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What is behaviour?

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A person's behaviour can impact the outcome of an outcome. One's behaviour is a result of external factors such as social learning, and they can influence what type of behaviour is exhibited by the individual. In order to prevent a bad outcome, it is important to learn what is appropriate behaviour to adopt.

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Can behaviour be cured?

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The study suggests that the effect of behaviour on distress may be small. Behaviour appears to be of greater importance for distress relief in relation to other variables than for perceived stress reduction. Thus, interventions aiming to reduce distress by changing one factor may fail to influence others. In addition, more research is required to discover appropriate ways of changing behaviour to treat distress.

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How many people get behaviour a year in the United States?

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Although people may choose to be more actively involved in regular exercise, diet, and regular visits to a medical doctor, a lot of people do not get the recommended behaviour. Individuals who engage in all three behaviours have the highest chances of achieving good health scores.

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What are common treatments for behaviour?

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While psychotherapy is used in several disorders, studies examining this use for behavior are extremely sparse. The most common behavior management techniques used for behavior include positive and negative reinforcement, operant conditioning, and contingency management. It appears that these techniques may be effective with mildly symptomatic, less severe behavior, including those observed in children. However, further analysis of the treatment of severe behavior, including adolescent, severe, and psychotic behavior is required. In addition, more investigation into the effects of psychotherapy on behavior are needed.

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Does behaviour run in families?

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The findings in this study are consistent with both the biopsychosocial model of behavioural inheritance, which has been extended in relation to obesity, and the gene-culture mutual interaction model of behavioural genetics. In a recent study, findings of this study have implications for understanding the etiology of obesity and obesity-related health and illness.

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Does smoking abstinence improve quality of life for those with behaviour?

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Results from a recent clinical trial provides data supporting the role of long-term smoking abstinence as a potentially significant contributor toward improved quality of life. Although the use of health economic measures to measure an intervention's value for money is only currently accepted by the UK government, these results indicate the health-related benefit of smoking abstinence is likely worth waiting for.

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Have there been any new discoveries for treating behaviour?

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A great number of medications are used in the attempt to treat behavioural disorders. There is still limited evidence in favour of one treatment (i.e. medication) in managing a specific behavioural disorder over another (i.e. behavioural therapy). However, the evidence does not refute that pharmacological agents are effective and in many instances, these medications can cause beneficial changes to clients' behaviour. It is very important for therapists to remain abreast of current research to inform their practice and the provision of evidence based therapy.

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How serious can behaviour be?

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At present it is often hard to predict whether a given incident will be serious or not. Our current study provides some support for assessing severity of problem behaviours before the occurrence of serious incidents.

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What is the primary cause of behaviour?

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There is no single explanation for most behaviour patterns. Our aim [through the development of this model was] was to describe and identify the major causal factors that can be modified through behaviour change interventions in order to reduce negative health risk behaviors such as obesity and drug abuse. Future research efforts should focus on developing interventions as a comprehensive, multipotent tool to modify a wide range of unhealthy behaviours.

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Have there been other clinical trials involving smoking abstinence?

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Most studies that have examined the effects of treatment on [smoking cessation](https://www.withpower.com/clinical-trials/smoking-cessation) have not measured other treatments that may influence smoking status. Some may have not shown significant differences, and if there was, these may have been suppressed either because they were statistically insignificant or because the study were in an area of low smoking prevalence. There need to be more randomised trials to examine the effects of other smoking cessation treatments.

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