Interoceptive Exposure for Anxiety

Waitlist Available · 18+ · Male · Jackson, MS

This study is evaluating whether a set of activities can reduce anxiety sensitivity in people with PTSD.

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About the trial for Anxiety

Treatment Groups

This trial involves 2 different treatments. Interoceptive Exposure is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

Main TreatmentA portion of participants receive this new treatment to see if it outperforms the control.
Interoceptive Exposure
Control TreatmentAnother portion of participants receive the standard treatment to act as a baseline.


This trial is for male patients aged 18 and older. There is one eligibility criterion to participate in this trial as listed below.

Inclusion & Exclusion Checklist
Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
Interested OEF/OIF veterans with a reported history of combat-related trauma, probable PTSD diagnosis (score above 44 on the PTSD Checklist), scores above 28 on the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI), and who have been medically cleared will be invited to participate (study personnel will assist the participant in getting clearance from their primary care physician or TRP staff).
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Odds of Eligibility
Be sure to apply to 2-3 other trials, as you have a low likelihood of qualifying for this one.Apply To This Trial
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Approximate Timelines

Please note that timelines for treatment and screening will vary by patient
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: varies
Reporting: 2 months
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: 2 months
This trial has approximate timelines as follows: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and reporting: 2 months.
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Trial Expert
Connect with the researchersHop on a 15 minute call & ask questions about:
- What options you have available- The pros & cons of this trial
- Whether you're likely to qualify- What the enrollment process looks like

Measurement Requirements

This trial is evaluating whether Interoceptive Exposure will improve 1 primary outcome in patients with Anxiety. Measurement will happen over the course of 2 months.

Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3

Patient Q & A Section

Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.

How many people get anxiety a year in the United States?

More than 2 million adults would have been diagnosed with panic disorder if they had been diagnosed clinically rather than by self-report. More than 1.5 million adults would have been diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder if they had been diagnosed for those disorders rather than for somatoform disorders. As many as 1.6 million adults would have sought treatment for an anxiety-related problem if they had been diagnosed professionally.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What causes anxiety?

The specific cause of anxiety is unknown. Anxiety can happen at any stage of life and be associated with a variety of factors. Anxiety can be the result of a number of different events, including loss and trauma, family stress, discrimination, poor health, physical illnesses and adverse life events.\n

Anonymous Patient Answer

What are the signs of anxiety?

Anxiety can be recognised by an uncharacteristic pattern of behaviours and thoughts, often with anxiety related physiological symptoms. Some of these features are common in anxiety disorders. This pattern can be detected as early as adolescence. The most frequent signs of anxiety are those associated with anxiety such as tension, restlessness, panic, muscle tension and numbness. Signs of depression are uncommon but may include fatigue, low energy, lack of enthusiasm, depressed mood, social withdrawal, reduced appetite, low concentration, loss of interest in work and hobbies, inability to sleep, feeling of hopelessness and anxiety. Psychosis is relatively frequent: the symptoms may occur during periods of normal functioning and can mimic a variety of other mental health disorders.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Can anxiety be cured?

One can live with moderate to severe anxiety for many years, but this does not prevent the patient from seeking appropriate therapy and medications. Anxiety's symptoms are alleviated by a wide variety of treatments, and they should be offered to patients whose anxiety symptoms cannot be controlled by treatment alone. Anxiolytics and antidepressants are often recommended, which produce measurable decreases in most patients, though some patients require a combination of medications that address both anxiety symptoms and underlying causes.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is anxiety?

The concept to the present study is a unique approach in estimating personality-trait-as-symptom associations in an anxiety dimensional model. It is worthwhile not only to understand personality and anxiety in a dimensional model but also to clarify how personality and anxiety are associated to each other. In conclusion, it is hoped to develop an appropriate strategy for the evaluation of personality and anxiety in clinical practice.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What are common treatments for anxiety?

In general, treatment for anxiety may be supportive and tailored to the underlying cause of the anxiety; however, psychodynamic techniques, such as transference-based models, may enhance treatment efficacy. In the case of generalized anxiety disorder, CBT may be the treatment of choice, whereas antidepressant medications may be needed for some of the more severe cases of generalized anxiety disorder.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Does interoceptive exposure improve quality of life for those with anxiety?

An intervention focusing on interoceptive exposure resulted in sustained improvements in two different aspects of wellbeing in this sample and is a promising new avenue for the treatment of anxiety and related disorders.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is the average age someone gets anxiety?

The average age of someone getting anxious is 13.9. I think it increases and the earlier it is diagnosed, as the anxiety symptoms get worse the more likely it is unnoticed or being misdiagnosed. If it is diagnosed, the treatments are only temporary and if the symptoms continue at night or in public they will be considered a serious problem and further analysis is recommended. Anxiety has been seen to be less common during adolescence than adults. It is more common in males, especially during adolescence

Anonymous Patient Answer

Is interoceptive exposure typically used in combination with any other treatments?

This research supports the use of interoceptive exposures with both CBT and hypnotherapy. However, these findings require confirmation in future studies and may be useful for clinical practice.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is interoceptive exposure?

The authors report that interoceptive exposure did not change mood and anxiety in subjects with varying anxiety diagnoses. The authors conclude that interoceptive exposure therapy does not reduce anxiety disorder symptoms and is not likely to be an effective intervention for those with anxiety disorders.

Anonymous Patient Answer

How does interoceptive exposure work?

The present findings support the effectiveness of IBS in reducing anxiety symptoms during IES. The IBS patients had less anxiety in the last week after IES compared to the last week before IES and the other IES sessions. The study also found out that the most significant variables relating to these results were age, level of education and the number of years from a stroke or spinal cord injury.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Does anxiety run in families?

Results suggest an association between the occurrence of anxiety in a family and the occurrence of anxiety in an individual in that family. Both the occurrence of anxiety in an individual (a genetic loading factor) and the presence of anxiety in an individual (a familial liability factor) predispose an individual to anxiety disorder. Data from a recent study also suggest that when an individual experiences anxiety as a function of a hereditary predisposition, they are more likely to experience it as a function of a similar hereditary predisposition in family members.

Anonymous Patient Answer
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