STARS for Suicide

Phase-Based Progress Estimates
1
Effectiveness
1
Safety
University of Pennsylvania, Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety, Philadelphia, PA
Suicide
STARS - Behavioral
Eligibility
18 - 65
All Sexes
Eligible conditions
Select

Study Summary

This study is evaluating whether a mobile application can reduce suicidal ideation and behaviors in young adults who are sexual minorities.

See full description

Treatment Effectiveness

Study Objectives

This trial is evaluating whether STARS will improve 1 primary outcome and 1 secondary outcome in patients with Suicide. Measurement will happen over the course of Change from baseline to 6 months.

Month 6
Social Support
Suicidal Ideation and Behavior

Trial Safety

Trial Design

2 Treatment Groups

Control Condition
1 of 2
STARS
1 of 2
Active Control
Experimental Treatment

This trial requires 60 total participants across 2 different treatment groups

This trial involves 2 different treatments. STARS is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

STARS
Behavioral
The investigators will deliver an online intervention focused on safety planning (STARS). The intervention content includes life skills interactive modules across 14 domains, a goal tracker, referral to community resources, and scheduling of peer mentoring sessions.
Control Condition
Behavioral
The investigators will deliver an in-person therapeutic session where participants can develop an individualized safety plan for use during a suicidal crisis, focusing on adaptive coping, addressing barriers or ambivalence, and strengthening their self-efficacy.
Treatment
First Studied
Drug Approval Stage
How many patients have taken this drug
STARS
2013
N/A
~30

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Approximate Timeline
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: change from baseline to 6 months
This trial has the following approximate timeline: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and roughly change from baseline to 6 months for reporting.

Who is running the study

Principal Investigator
J. B.
Jose Bauermeister, Chair, Department of Family & Community Health
University of Pennsylvania

Closest Location

University of Pennsylvania, Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety - Philadelphia, PA

Eligibility Criteria

This trial is for patients born any sex between 18 and 65 years old. There are 7 eligibility criteria to participate in this trial as listed below.

Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
Identifies as a sexual minority
Lives in the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area;
Report suicide ideation in the prior month as verified in clinical interview;
Is aged 18-24 years (inclusive)
Daily use of a smartphone
Does not plan to move out of the region for the next 6 months
Consents to the study procedures

Patient Q&A Section

What are the signs of suicide?

"As with suicide, symptoms of suicide appear after an acute depressive episode (and are absent or at least mild in early depression), manifesting as a general state of mental malaise, a sense of hopelessness, suicidal feelings, and nonagenarian depression (a form of suicide for people at least 90 years old)." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What are common treatments for suicide?

"The number of drugs used in suicide, including antidepressant agents, anxiolytics, hypnotics, and psychogenic drugs, is small compared with their use in psychiatric practice and in the general population. When taken together, the drugs used are commonly utilized in suicide, with antidepressants being the most common. Antidepressants are the drugs used most frequently for suicide." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What causes suicide?

"While most of the reported causes of suicide are related to depression, it is not clear why and when people with psychiatric problems die by suicide. People with mental disorders, especially those who have experienced or are aware of suicide, may consider dying by suicide, even though they themselves may be at high risk of suicide. The identification of risk factors, rather than the identification of a specific cause, may be more appropriate for achieving the goal of public understanding of suicide." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is suicide?

"Suicide is the cause of most deaths in children and adolescents. It is not unusual to see suicidal behaviour from very young children. The prevalence of suicide in adolescents is much higher than in adults. As the life expectancy in most European Union countries is more than 75 years, adolescents have a long future and thus need the support of their families and peers. There is no specific national guideline in relation to suicide preventive education or intervention programme, which is why the need for a national suicide prevention programme has been highlighted in many reports." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

How many people get suicide a year in the United States?

"The rate of U.S. suicide is not rising, probably because of the success of treatment for suicide. But, because of treatment's effectiveness, the rate of life-threatening suicide seems to be rising." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Can suicide be cured?

"Suicidal behavior cannot be cured. Despite current treatment options, there is a large risk of relapse after treatment. Future research efforts should focus on prevention of suicidal behavior among adolescent males who may be at highest risk." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is the primary cause of suicide?

"The causal contribution from genetic, lifestyle, and social factors to the development of suicidal behavior in individuals under 50 years old is much less extensive than previously anticipated." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Who should consider clinical trials for suicide?

"There is a need to create clinical trials for suicidal events to compare two medications and one treatment for depression for an average suicide rate of 0.7 per 100,000." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is the average age someone gets suicide?

"[As of October, 2017, we will update this summary on suicide every third year.] Age range is from 15 years to 85 years. The peak age of suicides tends to move into the 50s as societies age. The lifetime risk of suicide is lower than previously described, since the age at which suicide occurs appears to be about 25 years, as opposed to 30 years. The average age at which someone dies from suicide is 50 years of age. There is a significant skew towards males. Males who think about suicide a majority of the day between mid-November and mid-March tend to commit suicide before the age of 50." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Have there been any new discoveries for treating suicide?

"The following are the most promising new discoveries since the American Academy of Family Physicians released their recommendations for treatment of suicidal feelings in 2005. While each is effective, none has become the standard medical treatment for suicidal thoughts. These novel discoveries are: (1) SSRI-based treatments, (2) neurobiological treatments (such as neurotrophic factor therapies, gene therapy, and neuromodulation), (3) non-pharmacologic interventions (such as cognitive behavioral therapy), (4) treatment of depression, pain, and stress, and (5) brain-specific treatments." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is the latest research for suicide?

"At present there is no evidence which indicates it is safe to stop aspirin being taken after brain death has occurred.\n\nPatient care providers are in constant contact with their hospitalized clients in a variety of settings: hospital wards, psychiatric units, rehabilitation centers, and in outpatient clinics. It is essential that the patient care providers are well prepared to intervene when necessary; therefore, they should be more vigilant in recognizing patient hazards. They should be vigilant about drug administration, medication errors, and psychiatric or medical conditions that may complicate the patient's treatment. The patient care provider should take full responsibility for recognizing patient hazards and taking appropriate steps to mitigate risk." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is stars?

"[Star (astrology) are not a planet or asterism; star is a word in English with a long and complex history. To find out more about this word, we need to know about the word star in Latin... star in English: star in Latin is "starum": star: star-luminary: star (luminal declension) - lit: star-like] Stars are very bright from the Earth perspective; if you look at the sky and the stars, it is one of the most interesting sights in the night, which is why we have created the moon and the stars to make this world more visible and a brighter place for us to look at." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer
Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.
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