University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
Low-Carbohydrate Diet - Behavioral
You have a chance of qualifying for this trial. We made sure your application will take less than 5 minutes.
What conditions do you have?
What conditions do you have?
Phantom limb pain (PLP) is defined as pain or discomfort in a missing limb following amputation, whereas residual limb pain (RLP) is often experienced as pain at the site of amputation. Unfortunately, PLP can affect as many as 80% of upper- or lower-extremity amputees, with 40-60% also experiencing RLP. There are many theories regarding the mechanisms underlying these types of pain, but effective treatments remain elusive .Amputation of a limb is often accompanied by a traumatic event that can be emotionally devastating. Consequently, studies have reported high levels of depression in this population, up to 80%. Other studies have reported elevated levels of depression (70%), suicidality (30%) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, 20%) with PTSD being highly correlated with PLP. Thus, it is critical that effective treatments be employed that address, not only the chronic pain, but the comorbid conditions as well.
Diet interventions have been utilized as a non-pharmacological method to reduce pain and/or inflammation. We have shown that a low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) reduced pain independent of weight loss. Importantly, we observed a reduction in depressive symptomology and improved quality of life (QOL) following the LCD. Thus, it is reasonable to expect that the LCD may have beneficial effects of pain experience and also on measures of QOL.
Phase 1: To characterize the dietary habits, pain severity and psychological well-being of the local amputee population.
Hypotheses: We expect that the local population will show high prevalence of phantom limb pain (PLP) and/or residual limb pain (RLP). Self-report of depressive symptomology, poor-quality diet, will coincide with low QOL reports.
Phase 2: To assess the feasibility and efficacy of a low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) to reduce pain and increase QOL in amputees.
Hypotheses: All participants will complete the 6-week LCD. Compared to baseline, a 6-week LCD will reduce self-reports of pain and depressive symptoms. Overall QOL will improve over 6 weeks with concomitant improved mood and sleep.
Michael Gill holds a Bachelors of Science in Integrated Science and Mathematics from McMaster University. During his degree he devoted considerable time modeling the pharmacodynamics of promising drug candidates. Since then, he has leveraged this knowledge of the investigational new drug ecosystem to help his father navigate clinical trials for multiple myeloma, an experience which prompted him to co-found Power Life Sciences: a company that helps patients access randomized controlled trials.