This trial is evaluating whether Treatment will improve 1 primary outcome and 3 secondary outcomes in patients with Written Exposure Therapy. Measurement will happen over the course of Change in total score from baseline to 3-months post treatment (approximately 14-18 weeks)..
This trial requires 350 total participants across 2 different treatment groups
This trial involves 2 different treatments. Treatment is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.
"Exposure therapy is an effective treatment for PTSD, OCD, alcohol and drug abuse, and gambling disorder. It has also been found to be effective in reducing the desire to smoke, but its effect in reducing the desire to smoke among substance abusers remains unclear. Exposure therapy often involves the use of an explicit written treatment manual that encourages clients to write their own stories about their traumatic experiences. This is sometimes referred to as "imaginal exposure". In an 8-week randomized control study, written exposure therapy helped post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) clients who experienced traumatic life events such as war, rape or childhood abuse to reduce symptoms of PTSD after exposure to the events in the written treatment manual." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"Results of this study suggest that in a majority of cases, WRATE is effective in the treatment of PTSD, anxiety, and bulimia nervosa. In these conditions, WRATE is effective in reducing symptoms, and may be helpful in improving the health of sufferers. Data from a recent study support theoretical assumptions, supported by empirical findings, that WRATE may influence emotional change by a variety of psychological mechanisms, the mechanisms of which remain to be determined. Additional research is needed, however, in order to evaluate the contribution of specific mechanisms to treatment outcomes." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"The current findings offer novel perspectives and support the relevance of E-learning. In this way, the results of the study contribute towards the further application of exposure theory." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"Some individuals with written exposure therapy may achieve greater improvement in a variety of symptoms by using their own written text to create stressful situations. In a recent study, findings demonstrate the efficacy of this technique and suggest that written exposure therapy may be a useful tool in the treatment of a variety of anxiety and somatoform disorders." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"A relatively small percentage of patients with BDD receive treatment, with the vast majority treated with supportive care. The proportion of patients who responded to WET declined only slightly in a 10-year period. Although WET has an important role in the treatment of BDD, the proportion of patients who received more than 150 WET sessions was only slightly increased." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"We conclude that written self-directed exposure therapy is an established treatment for PTSD. However, written exposure therapy has been shown to be ineffective, at least in short-term research settings. For longer term self-directed treatment, a large-scale multi-center randomized trial is probably needed." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"There is ample and effective evidence in both psychotherapy and writing to support treatments that are effective in controlling OCD. However, there is currently no evidence that any particular treatment is more effective than any other. Patients in both control, writing and writing + speech-therapy groups reported the benefits of treatment at baseline, and outcomes were not different between treatment groups." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"Approximately 40.3% of study participants had finished treatment by age 46. There is no data comparing older vs younger patients receiving written exposure therapy. Recent findings provides valuable insight into what an average person with PTSD might be faced with. The authors suggest more research be implemented to better understand and understand the average age of people receiving written exposure therapy before writing exposure therapy should be discontinued." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"[Cognitive behavioral therapy and psychoeducation have been validated and proven to be effective for treating eating disorders, though there are few studies in the field of weight management. The most recent developments in treatment are focused on integrating behavior therapy with an electronic medium. One is behavioral weight loss, which has proven to be a beneficial treatment approach to many patients struggling with obesity. The use of computers and mobile devices to support and improve mental flexibility is another latest development in treatment.-Liz Kao] answer: These studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of many types of weight loss treatments. These include [fasig–lean method (in the clinic), diet plus exercise treatment, diet alone treatment, and [metronomic therapy] (in the clinic)]." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"Treatment of depression in children is currently based largely on clinical trials. However, even these trials have significant limitations and the evidence base for treatment effect of psychotherapy as a stand-alone treatment for depression in children is very limited. There is a need to develop new treatment approaches. The first step would be the use of more sensitive diagnostic tests and biomarkers of pediatric depression to develop and evaluate new treatments. These studies could also contribute to the development and modification of existing treatments." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"Current clinical trials for SZ are limited to small case populations with relatively poor participation, but they may be representative of SZ as encountered in clinical practice." - Anonymous Online Contributor
"Findings from a recent study suggests that the addition of WR in the context of ER counseling to a brief cognitive therapy intervention is not more effective in improving change in psychological distress compared to the control condition. The fact that this intervention did work has the potential to make the practice of brief cognitive therapy a potentially useful addition to counseling. Further research should explore the potential value of this adjunct." - Anonymous Online Contributor