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Suprax vs Cipro

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Suprax Information

Cipro Information

Comparative Analysis

Suprax Prescription Information

Cipro Prescription Information

Suprax Side Effects

Cipro Side Effects

Safety Information

Cost Information

Market Information


For patients with bacterial infections, certain antibiotics that target and kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria can help in treating the infection and managing symptoms. Suprax and Cipro are two such drugs that are often prescribed for various types of bacterial infections. They each target different types of bacteria but both have bactericidal effects in patients suffering from bacterial infections.

Suprax (Cefixime) is a third-generation oral cephalosporin antibiotic which works by breaking down the cell walls of bacteria, hence killing them directly. It's primarily used to treat conditions like bronchitis, gonorrhea, and urinary tract infections.

On the other hand, Cipro (ciprofloxacin), a quinolone antibiotic class drug primarily affecting DNA replication process within bacteria thus inhibiting their reproduction and growth. It has a broader spectrum antibacterial action including gram-negative bacteria making it suitable for various kinds of infections including skin or bone infections as well as respiratory or urinary tract ones.

Suprax vs Cipro Side By Side

Brand NameSupraxCipro
ContraindicationsKnown allergy to cephalosporins. Kidney function tests may be required due to potential risk on renal health especially among elderly patients.Hypersensitivity to quinolones, taking tizanidine. Kidney function tests may be necessary due to potential renal health risks.
CostBrand name: around $570 for a 10-tablet pack of 400 mg. Generic: as low as $3.60 to $5.00 per tablet for dosages from 200mg up to 400mg.Brand name: about $130 for a 20-tablet pack of 500 mg. Generic: starting from as low as about $0.25/tablet to $.75/tablet.
Generic NameCefiximeCiprofloxacin
Most Serious Side EffectSevere skin reaction, liver diseases, allergic reactions including difficulty in breathing or swallowing, swelling of the face or throat.Tendon rupture, severe mood changes, serious liver problems, severe nervous system reaction.
Severe Drug InteractionsNot specified, but it's important to avoid any medication that could interact negatively, particularly those that may exacerbate side effects or reduce efficacy.Should not be taken with tizanidine due to possible serious interactions.
Typical DoseAdults: 400 mg/day, either as a single dose or divided into two doses. Children: based on body weight at around 8 mg/kg/day.250-500 mg twice daily, up to 750 mg twice daily for adults depending on the infection severity.

What is Suprax?

Cefixime (the generic name for Suprax) and Ciprofloxacin (known as Cipro), both belong to different classes of antibiotics, cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones respectively. Approved by the FDA in 1986, Cefixime was a significant development from earlier generations of cephalosporins due to its improved resistance against certain types of bacterial enzymes. It works by interrupting bacteria cell walls causing them to break down. This antibiotic is prescribed for various bacterial infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, gonorrhea, and ear infections.

Comparatively, Ciprofloxacin approved later in 1987 inhibits a type of enzyme that allows bacteria to replicate their DNA structures leading to their death. Its broad-spectrum antibacterial activity makes it effective against several types of bacterial strains including urinary tract infections and some skin infections. While both antibiotics are designed with an aim toward minimizing side effects, it's important to note that each may carry specific risks based on individual patient health conditions.

What conditions is Suprax approved to treat?

Suprax is approved for the treatment of various bacterial infections such as:

  • Uncomplicated urinary tract infections
  • Otitis media, a type of ear infection
  • Pharyngitis and tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes
  • Chronic bronchitis exacerbation (a worsening of symptoms like cough and shortness of breath) in adults
  • Gonorrhea, an sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

How does Suprax help with these illnesses?

Suprax, also known as cefixime, is a cephalosporin antibiotic that treats bacterial infections by disrupting the synthesis of the bacterium's cell wall. This leads to the death and eventual elimination of the bacteria from your body. It operates at this level because bacterial cells have a unique type of cell wall that human cells do not possess. Therefore it can target pathogens without harming our own cells.

On another hand, Cipro or ciprofloxacin belongs to a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones which acts by inhibiting bacterial DNA gyrase, an enzyme required for DNA replication in bacteria. By doing so, it prevents normal cell division among susceptible bacteria and consequently causes them to die off.

Both Suprax and Cipro are effective against certain types of bacteria but their exact effectiveness depends on the type and location of infection in your body along with resistance patterns observed in those specific bacteria.

What is Cipro?

Cipro, the brand name for ciprofloxacin, is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that interrupts bacterial DNA replication by inhibiting an enzyme called DNA gyrase. This reduction in bacterial growth aids your body's immune system in fighting off the infection more effectively. Cipro was first approved by the FDA in 1987 and has been widely used to treat various types of infections such as urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, and skin infections.

As an antibiotic drug different from cephalosporins like Suprax (cefixime), it does not inhibit cell wall synthesis but rather targets bacterial DNA. Its side-effect profile also varies from that of cephalosporin antibiotics; while gastrointestinal disturbances are common with both classes of drugs, Cipro may rarely cause tendon rupture or nerve damage. The impact on bacterial DNA can be highly effective for treating a variety of infections, especially when patients do not respond well to "typical" cephalosporin antibiotics like Suprax.

What conditions is Cipro approved to treat?

Cipro, also known as ciprofloxacin, is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of a wide variety of bacterial infections. Some specific conditions Cipro can treat include:

  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Skin and soft tissue infections
  • Bone and joint infections
  • Acute sinusitis
  • Certain types of pneumonia The ability to fight against various types of bacteria makes Cipro an effective choice in situations where the exact cause may not be immediately identifiable or when treating resistant strains.

How does Cipro help with these illnesses?

Ciprofloxacin, commonly known as Cipro, is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that belongs to the fluoroquinolone class. It works by inhibiting bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV enzymes, thereby disrupting the supercoiling process of bacterial DNA replication. This leads to a cessation of cell division in bacteria and ultimately their death.

Just like Suprax, Cipro is used to treat various types of bacterial infections but its broader spectrum makes it effective against more kinds of pathogenic bacteria including those resistant to other antibiotics. While both drugs are generally safe for most patients, Cipro has been associated with certain side effects such as tendon rupture or inflammation which should be considered when prescribing it. However, due to its wide range of effectiveness against multiple strains of bacteria not responsive to other treatments, it's often preferred when a patient doesn't respond well or shows resistance towards cephalosporin antibiotics like Suprax.

How effective are both Suprax and Cipro?

Both cefixime (Suprax) and ciprofloxacin (Cipro) have established histories of success in treating a variety of bacterial infections, with their initial FDA approval only 2 years apart. As they are different classes of antibiotics - Suprax is a cephalosporin and Cipro is a fluoroquinolone - they may be prescribed under different circumstances based on the type and location of infection.

A double-blind clinical trial conducted in 1993 compared the effectiveness of cefixime against that of ciprofloxacin in treating urinary tract infections; both drugs were found to exhibit similar efficacy as well as comparable safety profiles. In this study, none of the different metrics used to measure successful treatment differed significantly between patients receiving either antibiotic.

In terms of individual properties, Cipro has been proven effective at combating an extensive range of bacteria including gram-negative bacteria resistant to other antibiotics. Its side effect profile is generally favorable over many older antibiotic types despite some concerns about tendonitis or tendon rupture associated with its use.

On the other hand, Suprax has demonstrated effectiveness against common pathogens responsible for respiratory tract infections while maintaining a good safety record across populations including children above six months age old where it's primarily used. It also appears less likely than many other antibiotics to cause gastrointestinal distress such as nausea or diarrhea which makes it more tolerable for most patients.

While both these medications have been shown through research studies to be highly effective at combating bacterial infections, physicians typically consider factors like patient medical history, potential drug interactions along with specific strain susceptibility data before prescribing one over another.

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At what dose is Suprax typically prescribed?

Oral dosages of Suprax for adults usually range from 400 mg/day, taken as a single dose or divided into two doses. For most infections, this dosage is sufficient. In children, the dosage may be calculated based on body weight at around 8 mg/kg/day. The dosage can be increased after a few days if there is no response to treatment. However, it's important to note that the maximum daily dose should not exceed 800 mg under any circumstances. Cipro (ciprofloxacin), on the other hand, has different recommended dosages depending on what type of infection is being treated and whether it's given orally or intravenously.

At what dose is Cipro typically prescribed?

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) treatment usually begins at a dosage of 250-500 mg twice daily. Depending on the type and severity of infection, the dose can be increased up to 750 mg twice daily for adults. The doses are typically spaced approximately 12 hours apart. Maximum dose is generally not to exceed 1500 mg/day divided into two doses, which may be explored if there is no response to initial treatment after a period of time as indicated by your physician. Always take Cipro with a full glass of water and avoid dairy products or calcium-fortified juices alone during treatment unless directed otherwise by your doctor.

What are the most common side effects for Suprax?

Common side effects of Suprax may include:

  • Indigestion
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea or loose stools
  • Abdominal pain
  • Headache, dizziness
  • Sweating
  • Rash, itching or hives on the skin

While common side effects of Cipro can include:

  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • Rash and itching
    -Anxiety or agitation
    -Joint pain in some patients

It's important to note that these are not all the possible side effects. If you experience other symptoms that concern you while taking either drug, consult with your healthcare provider promptly.

abstract image of a patient experiencing side effect

Are there any potential serious side effects for Suprax?

Although Suprax and Cipro are both antibiotics, they can have distinct side effects. For Suprax, these may include:

  • Allergic reactions, with symptoms such as hives, difficulty in breathing or swallowing, swelling of the face or throat
  • Severe skin reaction which includes fever, sore throat, burning eyes, skin pain followed by red or purple rash that spreads
  • Gastric problems such as severe diarrhea that is watery or bloody
  • Liver diseases - characterized by loss of appetite, stomach pain (especially on your upper right side), yellowing eyes/skin

For Ciprofloxacin (Cipro), potential serious side effects might include:

  • Rapid heartbeats or fluttering in your chest
  • Dizziness like you might faint; low blood sugar - headache, hunger feeling jittery
  • Serious mood changes – confusion depression unusual thoughts about suicide/self-harm hallucination -Severe nervous system reaction: tremors stiffness high temperature sweating fast/uneven heart rates feeling like you might pass out

In any case if you experience any of these symptoms while taking either medication it's important to contact a healthcare professional immediately.

What are the most common side effects for Cipro?

When taking Cipro, one might experience the following side effects:

  • Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Blurred vision
  • Feeling jittery or nervous
  • Insomnia and other sleep issues
  • Increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight leading to rash or sunburn
  • Ringing in the ears, changes in taste perception
    -Muscle stiffness or twitching -Rapid heart rate -General body discomfort like muscle pain and headaches.

Remember that while these side effects are possible with Cipro, they do not occur in every individual. It is always important to discuss potential side effects with your healthcare provider before starting any new medication.

Are there any potential serious side effects for Cipro?

While Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) is generally well-tolerated, it can sometimes lead to severe side effects. These may include:

  • Allergic reactions such as hives, difficulty breathing, swelling in your face or throat
  • Signs of a serious skin reaction like skin pain followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads and causes blistering and peeling
  • Symptoms related to changes in mood such as paranoia, hallucinations, nightmares, depression with suicidal thoughts
  • Severe dizziness leading to fainting spells due to irregular heart rhythms
  • Muscle weakness indicative of conditions like myasthenia gravis worsening
  • Serious liver problems resulting in stomach pain (upper right part), loss of appetite accompanied by dark urine and jaundice
  • Unusual behavior or thoughts including confusion and tremors

If you encounter any of the above symptoms while on Ciprofloxacin therapy, seek immediate medical attention.

Contraindications for Suprax and Cipro?

Both Suprax and Cipro, like many other antibiotics, may cause side effects such as nausea, diarrhea or allergic reactions in some individuals. If you notice these symptoms worsening or any sign of a severe allergic reaction (such as itching, rash, trouble breathing or swelling), please seek immediate medical attention.

Neither Suprax nor Cipro should be taken if you are taking tizanidine (a muscle relaxant) due to possible serious interactions. Always inform your physician about all medications you are currently using; this includes over-the-counter drugs and herbal supplements as well.

Suprax is contraindicated for patients with known allergy to cephalosporins while Cipro should not be used by those with hypersensitivity to quinolones. For both medications, kidney function tests may need to be performed periodically due its potential risk on renal health especially among elderly patients.

Also remember that antibiotic resistance can occur when these medicines are over-used or misused so they should only be taken under the supervision of a healthcare provider.

How much do Suprax and Cipro cost?

For the brand name versions of these drugs:

  • The price of a 10-tablet pack of Suprax (400 mg) averages around $570, which works out to approximately $57/day, depending on your dose.
  • The price of a 20-tablet pack of Cipro (500 mg) is about $130, working out to roughly $6.50/day.

Thus, if you are in the higher dosage range for Suprax (i.e., 800 mg/day or higher), then brand-name Cipro is significantly less expensive on a per-day treatment basis. Please note that cost should not be a primary consideration in determining which of these drugs is right for you.

For the generic versions of Suprax (cefixime) and Cipro (ciprofloxacin), costs are considerably lower:

  • Generic cefixime tablets can be found at prices as low as $3.60 to $5.00 per tablet for dosages from 200mg up to 400mg respectively.
  • On the other hand, generic ciprofloxacin comes in packs ranging from 14 capsules up to even more with costs starting from as low as about $0.25/tablet and not exceeding around $.75/tablet based on quantity purchased.

As always when choosing medication options it's very important that both efficacy against your specific condition and potential side effects are taken into account along with cost considerations. Always consult with healthcare professionals before making such decisions.

Popularity of Suprax and Cipro

Ciprofloxacin, in generic form as well as under brand names such as Cipro, was estimated to have been prescribed to about 20 million people in the US in 2016. Ciprofloxacin accounted for nearly a quarter of all fluoroquinolone antibiotic prescriptions in the US. It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that can treat many types of bacterial infections and has been consistently prevalent over the past decade.

On the other hand, cefixime, including its brand name Suprax, had approximately 1.5 million prescriptions filled in the USA during 2020. This third-generation cephalosporin accounts for a smaller portion of overall antibiotic prescriptions due to its targeted use against specific types of bacteria like gonorrhea and ear infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Its usage has remained relatively steady with minor fluctuations over recent years.


Both Suprax (cefixime) and Cipro (ciprofloxacin) have long-standing records of usage as antibiotics to treat a variety of bacterial infections. They are backed by numerous clinical studies indicating their effectiveness. While both drugs may be used in some cases, the choice is usually determined by the type of bacteria causing the infection due to their different mechanisms of action.

Suprax works by interfering with the formation of bacterial cell walls, leading to rupture and death of bacteria. On the other hand, Cipro inhibits DNA gyrase enzymes which prevents replication and repair in bacterial cells resulting in death.

While Suprax is typically utilized more for upper respiratory tract infections like otitis media or strep throat, Cipro would often be prescribed for more serious lower respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia or urinary tract infections including cystitis or pyelonephritis.

Both medications are available as generics offering cost savings especially important if patients pay out-of-pocket. Both medications require an appropriate duration to completely eradicate bacteria; hence symptoms may not immediately disappear after starting therapy.

The side effect profile differs between these two antibiotics: digestive issues being common with both but tendon problems being associated particularly with Cipro while blood disorders could occur rarely with Suprax use. Like all medicines, it's important that patients monitor for adverse effects when starting treatment and seek immediate medical attention if severe reactions occur.