Osteoporosis is a disease that occurs in women after menopause, and young boys and girls, who have experienced a sudden or sudden acceleration of bone loss.
Current therapies are effective in reducing fracture risk, but they do not modify the rate of bone loss even in patients with established osteoporosis. Thus, the goal of medical treatment should be to reduce fracture risk, without altering bone mineral density or the rate of bone loss.
Treatment options for osteoporosis include calcium supplements, bisphosphonates, and hormone replacement therapy. These treatments are given to symptomatic persons as well as for the purpose of preventing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis may be prevented through lifestyle and behavioral modifications.
Approximately 33 million women and men in the United States, ages 55 and older, have OP. A higher education attainment decreases the risk of OP in all age groups and among both females and males. For all age groups, postmenopausal women have the lowest risk of OP.
The lack of vitamin D in winter may play a role in bone loss associated with osteoporosis. Low dietary calcium (e.g., <500 mg/day) appears to be linked to osteoporosis, but further research in this area has been challenging.
Signs of osteoporosis may include feeling a strong, persistent, and ongoing need to stand up with one leg in the morning for a while as opposed to standing up or sitting down gradually.\n
Recent findings demonstrates the safety of a 10-week resistance exercise program for healthy middle-aged men and women. Ten minutes of strength/sprint endurance training per day at an intensity of around 75-85 % one-repetition max. is recommended for health benefits in healthy middle-aged and older people.
The average age of those who get osteoporosis or who are at risk for osteoporosis is 65, the same as that for older adults in general. Osteoporosis is a common condition, affecting more than 8 percent of women aged 60 and more and more than half of women over the age of 80. The most common sites of osteonecrosis in postmenopausal women are the vertebrae, femur, and hip. The term vertebral fragility fracture may be used to refer specifically to vertebral osteoporotic changes rather than to osteoporotic vertebral instability.
In a recent study, findings identified a high prevalence of anemia among the osteoporotic population. This finding can possibly be related to the anemia associated with Vitamin D deficiency.
The majority of patients in this study reported a significant improvement in general and specific health-related QoL after 10 weeks of resistance exercise training program for osteoporosis.
Ten weeks of supervised RT is superior to free-weights for restoring bone density in elderly men and women after 1 year. There is a need to address a critical knowledge gap for clinicians and educators concerning RT, such as the level of intensity and volume-intensity of training necessary to achieve significant results.
10 weeks of home-based high-intensity resistance exercise training resulted in significant improvements in trabecular micro-hardness, cancellous volumetric bone density and other bone structural parameters compared with a placebo. These changes occurred over a 4-week baseline training phase.