Labetalol, Nifedipine for Pre-Eclampsia

Recruiting · 18+ · Female · Milwaukee, WI

This study is evaluating whether antihypertensive treatment in the postpartum period decreases postpartum hypertension and its associated maternal morbidity.

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About the trial for Pre-Eclampsia

Eligible Conditions
Hypertension in Pregnancy · prophylaxis of preeclampsia · Pre-Eclampsia · Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced

Treatment Groups

This trial involves 2 different treatments. Labetalol, Nifedipine is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are in Phase 3 and have had some early promising results.

Main TreatmentA portion of participants receive this new treatment to see if it outperforms the control.
Labetalol, Nifedipine
Control TreatmentAnother portion of participants receive the standard treatment to act as a baseline.


This trial is for female patients aged 18 and older. There are 4 eligibility criteria to participate in this trial as listed below.

Inclusion & Exclusion Checklist
Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
At least 30% of blood pressure readings taken in the weeks after giving birth were high, meaning systolic readings were at least 140 or diastolic readings were at least 90. show original
If you are diagnosed with preeclampsia during pregnancy, labor or immediately postpartum, you may need to have a c-section. show original
Age >= 18 years old
Immediately postpartum (delivered in previous 96 hours)
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Odds of Eligibility
Be sure to apply to 2-3 other trials, as you have a low likelihood of qualifying for this one.Apply To This Trial
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Approximate Timelines

Please note that timelines for treatment and screening will vary by patient
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: varies
Reporting: 7-10 days postpartum
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: 7-10 days postpartum
This trial has approximate timelines as follows: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and reporting: 7-10 days postpartum.
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Trial Expert
Connect with the researchersHop on a 15 minute call & ask questions about:
- What options you have available- The pros & cons of this trial
- Whether you're likely to qualify- What the enrollment process looks like

Measurement Requirements

This trial is evaluating whether Labetalol, Nifedipine will improve 1 primary outcome and 4 secondary outcomes in patients with Pre-Eclampsia. Measurement will happen over the course of Approximately 6 weeks postpartum.

percentage of severe range blood pressures at the 6 week postpartum visit
Hospital Readmission
Rate of Healthcare Utilization
hospital readmissions, increased number of postpartum visits or phone calls, emergency room or urgent care visits, consultation with primary care (internal medicine, family medicine), cardiology, or maternal-fetal-medicine specialists
compare mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure values at 7-10 days postpartum and at 6weeks postpartum
percentage of severe range blood pressures at the 7-10 days postpartum visit

Who is running the study

Principal Investigator
A. P.
Prof. Anna Palatnik, MD
Medical College of Wisconsin

Patient Q & A Section

Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.

How many people get pre-eclampsia a year in the United States?

In the US, pre-eclampsia occurs in approximately 8.9 per 1,000 pregnant women who deliver a live child. There is no significant increase in pre-eclampsia when comparing obstetric practices from low-risk and high-risk populations. A multicenter nationwide study is needed to determine the epidemiology of pre-eclampsia.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Can pre-eclampsia be cured?

Despite large studies, there are few conclusive therapies to prevent or treat pre-eclampsia. Treatment options include: anti-hypertensive, glucocorticoid, or magnesium supplementation, aspirin, and the use of protein antagonists. There is currently not enough evidence to show that any therapy work in prevention, so there is no evidence that pre-eclampsia can be cured.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What causes pre-eclampsia?

Pre-eclampsia is thought to be caused by an underlying autoimmune response to antigens found within the placenta. However, this explanation remains elusive as it is only a partial cause of the disease. For the most part, the cause of pre-eclampsia is thought to be genetically inherited or a combination of several factors. Studies have linked factors such as infections, toxins, and stress to the development of pre-eclampsia. However, an underlying genetic predisposition for this disease is not yet apparent and the underlying genetics are unknown.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What are common treatments for pre-eclampsia?

What is not clear from the available research is whether pre-eclampsia should be considered in terms of treating associated co-morbid disorder. The evidence suggests that treating these comorbid disorders such as hypertension during pregnancy may reduce the burden of pre-eclampsia. Antispasmodics such as Phenytoin may be used to control pre-eclampsia associated hypertension, however these do not have proven benefits and may lead to premature delivery. Antihypertensive agents such as folic acid are also effective and safe in managing pre-eclampsia mellitus.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What are the signs of pre-eclampsia?

Pre-eclampsia is a multi-system disorder affecting the kidneys and vasculature, and other organs as well. Significant renal insufficiency is a sign of severe pre-eclampsia. Symptoms of pre-eclampsia may include pain or discomfort in the back, abdominal pain, swelling in the hands and feet, skin changes, visual disturbances. These are nonspecific symptoms which are common with many disease processes and should prompt a thorough medical history. A history and physical examination combined with special investigations such as blood tests and ultrasound can help delineate the cause of the patient's signs and symptoms.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is pre-eclampsia?

The main defining characteristics of pre-eclampsia that are easily identifiable in a clinical setting are pre-existing hypertension and proteinuria. However, other signs are also frequently identifiable, and these include elevated levels of creatinine in pregnant women with eclampsia, abnormal liver enzyme levels, or raised blood pressure in the pre-pregnant woman. The presence of these signs should prompt consideration of pre-eclampsia when there is new-onset pre-pregnancy hypertension. The diagnosis of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy can be made by measuring high levels of protein in the urine of pregnant women and by ultrasound detection of vascular malformations or placental abnormalities.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is the primary cause of pre-eclampsia?

The aetiology of pre-eclampsia was most likely multifactorial. The aetiology was more difficult to define if the patient developed eclampsia or not. The aetiology of pre-eclampsia is difficult to define, however, this study does bring new knowledge and data to this field.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is labetalol, nifedipine?

In the management of pre-eclampsia, treatment with labetalol is effective. It is relatively inexpensive in comparison with other antihypertensive drugs. Labetalol has significant adverse drug reactions in comparison with other antihypertensives, in particular tachycardia and dizziness. Labetalol is a beta-blocker; therefore the side effects are beta-blocker-like. In particular, labetalol has been reported to increase blood plasma levels of norepinephrine and epinephrine, which may cause symptoms like anxiety, palpitations, and tremors.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Is labetalol, nifedipine typically used in combination with any other treatments?

Labetalol is a commonly used drug in combination with other treatments. However, the use of labetalol alone appears to be rare in a clinical setting. Results from a recent paper also found that the labetalol has similar efficacy to nifedipine.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What are the common side effects of labetalol, nifedipine?

Nifedipine combined with labetalol in hypertensive pregnant women resulted in a reduction in heart rate and mean arterial pressure. On the other hand, beta blockade by labetalol appeared to result in a reduction in systolic blood pressure. All of these side effects were associated with high plasma drug concentrations.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Does labetalol, nifedipine improve quality of life for those with pre-eclampsia?

Data from a recent study confirms that HRQoL improves in PE patients who are given nifedipine. It shows that HRQoL is not impaired after initiation of nifedipine. Nifedipine offers good HRQoL gains in patients who have PE. These patients had the highest HRQoL before initiating treatment with nifedipine and, therefore, should be considered for treatment with nifedipine as a first-line therapy.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Is labetalol, nifedipine safe for people?

In this large study, labetalol was not associated with increases in blood pressure. Furthermore, labetalol was also not associated with increased fetal heart rates in the short or long term in pregnant women. Although this study had shortcomings, it suggests that labetalol is safe for use by pregnant women in early pregnancy.

Anonymous Patient Answer
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