Header Image for Understanding Lump On Sternum

Understanding Lump On Sternum


Types of Benign Sternum Lumps

Chest Lumps Caused by Infections and Injuries

Serious Conditions Leading to Sternum Lumps

General Causes of Chest Lump

Discovering a lump on your chest can be concerning. However, many causes are benign and treatable. Understanding the potential reasons behind a chest lump is vital for managing concerns.

  • Lipomas: These are soft, movable lumps under the skin, made up of fat cells. Lipomas are non-cancerous and usually harmless.

  • Fibroadenoma: Common in women, these are solid, non-cancerous breast tumors that feel rubbery and move easily under the skin.

  • Cysts: Fluid-filled sacs that can develop in the breast tissue. They may feel like lumps but often fluctuate in size with hormonal changes.

  • Mastitis: An infection of the breast tissue that leads to swelling and pain, often associated with breastfeeding.

  • Injury or trauma: Damage to chest tissue can result in localized swelling or lump formation as part of the healing process.

While many chest lumps have benign explanations, they can also be indicative of more serious health issues:

  • Breast cancer: Not all lumps mean cancer, but any new discovery warrants evaluation.
  • Sarcoma: A rare group of cancers arising from connective tissues, including muscles or bones; these tumors might present as a lump on any part of the chest wall.

It's essential to be aware of the various potential causes behind a chest lump. Early recognition plays a key role in management and treatment options for both benign conditions and more severe diseases.

Sternum Lumps: Cyst, Fibroadenoma, and Lipoma

Discovering a lump near the sternum can be concerning. Many of these lumps are benign (non-cancerous) and include conditions such as cysts, fibroadenomas, or lipomas.

  • Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in various parts of the body, including the chest area. They often feel smooth to the touch and move easily under the skin. Most cysts are harmless and may resolve on their own.

  • Fibroadenomas are solid, non-cancerous breast tumors that commonly occur in women but can also appear near the sternum in rare cases. These growths are typically round with distinct borders and might feel rubbery. They're usually painless.

  • Lipomas represent another type of benign tumor made up of fat tissue. They tend to grow slowly over time and are soft to the touch—often described as doughy. Lipomas located near the sternum or under the skin elsewhere do not usually cause discomfort unless they press on surrounding nerves or structures.

For conditions like cysts, fibroadenomas, and lipomas, diagnosis might involve physical exams, imaging tests like ultrasounds or MRIs, and sometimes a biopsy if there is any question about the nature of the lump. Early evaluation is beneficial for appropriate management of the condition.

Find Top Clinical Trials

Choose from over 30,000 active clinical trials.

Chest Lumps from Abscess, Hematoma, and Injury

Discovering a lump on the chest can be alarming. Often, these lumps are due to an abscess, hematoma, or injury. Understanding these causes helps manage concerns and guides next steps.

  • Abscess: This is an infection that forms a pocket of pus in the tissue. It might feel warm and tender. Abscesses occur when bacteria enter the skin through a wound or hair follicle. Symptoms include redness and swelling around the lump.

  • Hematoma: A bruise that forms a lump is known as a hematoma. It results from bleeding under the skin, usually caused by an injury. The area might start blue or purple then change to yellow or green as it heals.

  • Injury: Direct impact to the chest can cause swelling or a lump to form. This includes accidents or sports injuries. Most injuries heal with time but monitoring changes in size, color, or pain is crucial.

In any case:

  • Keeping track of symptoms is recommended.
  • Applying ice if it's due to injury can be helpful.

Understanding these common causes provides clarity.

Sternum Lump Causes: Nodular Fasciitis, Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis

Discovering a lump on the sternum can be alarming. Various conditions such as nodular fasciitis, Hodgkin's lymphoma, and extrapulmonary tuberculosis may present as a sternum lump.

Nodular Fasciitis is a benign condition characterized by rapid growth but limited duration. It occurs due to inflammation and proliferation of fibrous tissue beneath the skin. Patients might notice a tender or painless mass that grows quickly over weeks or months. Despite its rapid development, nodular fasciitis often resolves without treatment or with simple surgical removal.

Hodgkin's Lymphoma is a type of cancer affecting the lymphatic system, which is crucial for fighting infections and diseases. A lump near the sternum could indicate involvement of chest lymph nodes. Symptoms might include fatigue, night sweats, unexplained weight loss, and persistent fever. Early diagnosis through biopsy and imaging tests allows for effective treatment options, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) represents TB infections occurring outside of the lungs, in this case around the sternum area possibly affecting bones or lymph nodes leading to noticeable lumps. Unlike pulmonary TB, which mainly affects the lungs, extrapulmonary TB's signs depend on which organs are involved but could include general ill feelings such as fever or weight loss. Treatment involves a long course of antibiotics.

Each cause behind a sternum lump originates from different conditions, ranging from benign growths to serious illnesses, each requiring distinct treatment strategies.