The most common treatment for diabetes mellitus is pharmaceutical therapy. Other forms of treatment are available, including oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin injections. Nonpharmacological treatment has become more prevalent in recent years, especially the use of complementary and alternative medicine.
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder caused by the body's inability to regulate blood sugar levels. It can also lead to the heart disease and stroke. In general, persons with diabetes are at increased risk for heart disease and stroke. It is estimated that diabetes affects about 185 million individuals worldwide. Diabetes, with its many complications, is the seventh leading cause of death in the USA and accounts for 12%-15% of new cases of myocardial infarction. In 2002, in the United States, a total of 2.2 million deaths (including 340,000 related to diabetes) were attributable to diabetes. The US has a large number of diabetes treatments; however, the cost of these treatments is high.
The current hypotheses regarding the aetiology of diabetes mellitus do not fully explain the high levels of occurrence. However, multiple hypotheses have been advanced to account for the epidemiology of diabetes mellitus. It appears that an environment with a high level of metabolic load and metabolic stress can cause disruptions in the hormonal homeostasis of an individual. These disturbances may then trigger a sequence of events that culminate in the development of diabetes mellitus.
Approximately 32 million US persons (9.6% of the US population) are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and another 86 million with IFG or elevated fasting glycemia. This suggests the need for early diagnosis and treatment for type 2 diabetes and screening for prediabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors in children and young adults.
Diabetes mellitus causes a variety of signs and symptoms throughout life. If a person is overweight, they also have an increased risk of developing long term complications of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus can be identified by a variety of signs which may vary slightly between people. The signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus are often related to the type and severity of diabetes.\n
Diabetes mellitus is one of the four most devastating chronic diseases. Treatment options for diabetes include lifestyle changes, medications and/or insulin. Diabetes is thought to be an incurable disease but the success of bariatric surgery and metformin as a stand-alone therapy in diabetic non-insulin dependent patients indicates that a cure might be possible.
Diabetic women in the family have a more difficult time conceiving and have shorter pregnancies than nondiabetic women. If diabetic women with insulin-requiring disease conceive, they may have higher pregnancy rates.
The diabetes dashboard integrated with DM app effectively reduces uncontrolled diabetes and A1C levels. There are few adverse effects and little impact on patients' perception of DM app. The diabetes dashboard with integrated DM app has the potential to be as reliable and effective as paper-based DM app in a real-world setting.
Diabetes mellitus has been found to have several risk factors, such as genetic factors, maternal history, and lifestyle factors. Among all the risk factors, the age of diabetes onset seems to be the dominant factor. In the past, those who were younger tended to get diabetes after having an unhealthy lifestyle (smoking, diet, obesity, and not enough exercise). However, the average age of diabetes diagnosis in North American and European has been rising for some time. Many doctors claim that one of the reasons is the fact that the average age of pregnancy has increased in North America and Europe. The average age of pregnancy in 2009 was 24.25 years in the US and 20.23 years in Europe.
Diabetes-DM is safe, simple, and well accepted by people with diabetes. The diabetes dashboard complements a person's regular diabetes care and may be a useful element of shared decision making in people with longstanding Type 2 diabetes.
The data collected were used to define the requirements of an integrated diabetes management system which would require that most of the patient data is provided and processed by the diabetes care team, and the patient-centred care team should be responsible for the patient's medication management. The patient-centred care team would need to work with the patient's clinical care team to facilitate the delivery of adequate care.
Use of a disease manager app has facilitated improved diabetes management. Data from a recent study may also help other health care workers who also use electronic health records to look for new ways to leverage its abilities, especially in managing multiple chronic conditions.