18 - 65
Background: Diabetes mellitus is the third most prevalent chronic disease globally. It is a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose because of impaired insulin production, reduced insulin effectiveness, or both. It is a major contributor for physical disability and impaired quality of life. Diabetic Self-Management programs help to control blood glucose, reduce hospitalization, and increase compliance; however, the program is underutilized in the Primary Care settings globally, due to cognitive, financial, behavioral, and emotional factors. Health coaching is a client-centered self-management approach informed by behavioral change theories to empower individuals to identify their strengths and resources and achieve their health and wellness goals.
Purpose: The study's overarching goal is to determine whether implementing Diabetes Self-Management (DSM) Coaching program can be effective and feasible for individuals with type diabetes in the Ethiopian primary care context. The study has two aims: Aim 1. To determine the feasibility of implementing the Diabetic Self-Management Coaching Program Aim 2. To evaluate the effectiveness of the Diabetic Self-Management Coaching program.
Method: The study will employ a single-blinded feasibility randomized controlled trial followed by a concurrent mixed-method design. A block randomization technique with block size of 4 will be used to allocate eligible participants for the quantitative part. Structured outcome measures will be used to collect data on self-efficacy, self-care practice, and glycated hemoglobin A1c. Qualitative description approach with an in-depth interview method of data collection will be used to explore perspectives of participants, barriers and facilitators, and acceptability of the program. Mean, median and frequencies will be computed. Depending on the normality of the distribution and number of participants t-test, x2 test, sign tests, and ANOVA will be considered to analyze the data. Inductive qualitative content analysis approach will be followed to analyze qualitative data. Qualitative and quantitative data will be merged at result level for further interpretation and presented in discussion section.
Significance: The study will be used to determine the feasibility of the Diabetic Self-Management Coaching program in the Ethiopian primary care settings. Study participants will be benefited from the coaching program and will improve their self-efficacy, diabetes self-care practice, and blood glucose level. Furthermore, the study will have a paramount advantage to establish a foundation for future definitive trial that can prove effectiveness of the program.