The findings from this small sample suggest that alcohol drinking does not have to be cured. Those with the most severe drinking problems may benefit from receiving structured counseling from professional alcohol counselors, and those who are motivated to change their drinking can be effective.
Almost every person is subject to the risks of excessive drink drinking. The signs of alcohol drinking include poor eye - hand coordination, impaired decision - making and poor coordination, and poor judgment. All can cause accidents and accidents can cause health problems. When the signs are present it’s time to seek help as the person is not going to get better and the risks are high.
There is no reason to believe that drinking of alcohol causes problems for the organism. Altered consumption of alcohol leads to alterations in the body mechanisms. These changes are not always deleterious. Subjective complaints are unreliable and not in reliable order associated with ethanol use. Subjective complaints from the alcoholic are usually the cause of negative perceptions, and are not related to objective alcohol use.
Approximately 17.5% of the U.S. population consume alcohol, and it is estimated that this will grow to 24.2% of the U.S. population by 2050 if no progress is made on the decline in alcohol consumption, according to a report by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism in 2009: http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/about_niama.htm.
Alcohol is a common substance abuse disorder in the United States. Alcohol dependency is more common and tends to emerge earlier in men than in women. Alcoholism, when it occurs, is highly disabling.\n
The majority of alcoholics treated at a referral center for inpatient or outpatient alcoholism treatment (N = 824) were given no pharmacological treatment in the first year of treatment (mean = 14.1). The average percentage of alcoholics receiving pharmacological or medical treatment was 53% for outpatients and 68% for inpatients. The primary methods of identifying alcoholics who were candidates for pharmacological or medical treatment included the number of alcoholics participating in 12 alcoholic-treatment programs, and the duration of substance abuse prior to treatment. In a recent study, findings suggest that a variety of clinical methods may be used to identify alcoholics who are eligible for pharmacological or medical treatment, but that a large percentage have yet to receive treatment.
Almost all men and almost all women would consider participating in clinical trials for alcohol drinking if this option were available. Clinicians are usually reluctant to offer clinical trials for alcohol because of a lack of resources and an aversion to the research environment. This would be a major obstacle for an expanding community approach to alcohol research and treatment.
[There is no right-or-wrong method of alcohol intake assessment] that captures the potential harms from drinking alcohol, but more effective means of assessing risks from drinking are needed. Alcohol consumption may not be equally harmful across socioeconomic groups, but drinking may increase risk for alcoholism in some populations.
Brief motivational interviewing appears to be safe. It appears to affect neither the intention to quit, nor to drink. Given the lack of a significant effect on intention to smoke the interventions should be explored further with larger samples.
In this large national twin study (with over 12,800 twins assessed), we did not find evidence that alcohol drinking runs within families. Because alcohol drinking is a pervasive social and cultural issue on which we are unlikely to find any effective evidence, researchers should aim to collect data on family drinking habits or drinking norms, as well as the individual drinking patterns of family members.
Brief motivational interviewing was introduced in the 1970s by S.M. Friedman, based on the theory that the ability to make a choice is in all its complexity dependent on one's appraisal of the alternatives provided for behaviour. The theory assumes that decision making is influenced by motivational factors, which can be assessed quantitatively by assessing their influence or strength on behaviour. S.M. Friedman's approach has proven to be an effective therapeutic tool for the treatment of many other psychiatric disorders. The focus in this study was the development and examination of a brief quantitative inventory of motivational factors that could be used to evaluate their influence, which will be useful in improving the quality of brief motivational interviewing.
In addition to a lack of clarity on key motivational considerations, only half of the study participants reported that they received anything more than an informational pamphlet concerning quitting. The most commonly reported side effects of the preliminary motivational interview were nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.