Mindfulness meditation for Emotional Distress

Phase-Based Progress Estimates
1
Effectiveness
1
Safety
University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Emotional Distress+7 More
Mindfulness meditation - Behavioral
Eligibility
18+
All Sexes
What conditions do you have?
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Study Summary

This study is evaluating whether a mindfulness-based app is effective for people of color who are exposed to race-related stress.

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Eligible Conditions

  • Emotional Distress
  • Emotional Regulation
  • Rumination Disorders
  • Self Compassion
  • Mindfulness
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

Treatment Effectiveness

Effectiveness Progress

1 of 3

Study Objectives

This trial is evaluating whether Mindfulness meditation will improve 3 primary outcomes, 5 secondary outcomes, and 3 other outcomes in patients with Emotional Distress. Measurement will happen over the course of Through study completion, 1-2 months.

Month 2
Change in acceptability and appropriateness of the intervention
Change in anxiety
Change in depression
Change in emotion suppression
Change in experiential avoidance
Change in mindfulness
Change in rumination
Change in self-Compassion
Change in stress
Change in treatment adherence
Change in treatment satisfaction

Trial Safety

Safety Progress

1 of 3

Trial Design

2 Treatment Groups

Assessments First
1 of 2
Mind-Us
1 of 2
Active Control
Experimental Treatment

This trial requires 155 total participants across 2 different treatment groups

This trial involves 2 different treatments. Mindfulness Meditation is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

Mind-Us
Behavioral
Use of the 10% Happier app to complete at least one meditation daily -with the possibility of exceeding this goal by choosing additional meditations- for 4 weeks. Participants will be asked to complete "The Basics" and "The Basics II" courses to familiarize themselves with the principles of mindfulness meditation. Each audio-recorded session begins with a short video providing psychoeducation around mindfulness meditation and teaching specific techniques (e.g., using the breath as an anchor, redirecting attention, noting thoughts and emotions). For the last two weeks of the program, participants will be invited to complete the "Essential Advice" course. This additional course is composed of 14 sessions ranging in length from 15 to 18 minutes.
Assessments FirstWait-list control group. Individuals in this group will complete baseline, mid-, and post-treatment assessments before receiving the intervention (i.e., 4 weeks after randomization).
Treatment
First Studied
Drug Approval Stage
How many patients have taken this drug
Mindfulness meditation
2021
N/A
~700

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Approximate Timeline
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: through study completion, 1-2 months
This trial has the following approximate timeline: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and roughly through study completion, 1-2 months for reporting.

Who is running the study

Principal Investigator
G. R. M. C.
Giovanni Ramos MA, CPhil, Principal Investigator
University of California, Los Angeles

Closest Location

University of California, Los Angeles - Los Angeles, CA

Eligibility Criteria

This trial is for patients born any sex aged 18 and older. There are 10 eligibility criteria to participate in this trial as listed below.

Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
Report experiencing elevated levels of race-related stress (i.e., a score of 55 in the IRRS-B or a score of 12 in the MDM)
Speak and read English
Not have practiced mindfulness meditation for more than two hours in the month prior to study commencement
Own a smartphone with access to the internet
Perceived Discrimination. The 8-item Multicultural Discrimination Module (MDM) measures perceived discrimination. Participants rate items on a scale ranging from 1 (Never) to 4 (Often) with higher scores indicating more levels of perceived discrimination. The MDM was developed using a U.S. population-based sample (approximately 40% POC) and has shown good internal consistency (α = .81 - .88) in a previous study. For study inclusion, participants need to obtain a score of 12, which represents the 75th percentile of the population distribution.
Identify as a member of a people of color (POC) group
Not receive psychological services currently
Be willing to install the MBI app and accept daily notifications and text reminders
Be at least 18 years old
Race-Related Stress. The 22-item Index of Race-Related Stress-Brief (IRRS-B) measures multiple sources of race-related stress, including Individual, Institutional, and Cultural. Participants rate items on a scale ranging from 0 (This Never Happened to Me) to 4 (This Event Happened and I was Extremely Upset), with higher scores indicating more race-related stress. The IRRS-B was developed with a POC sample (i.e., Blacks), showing adequate reliability (α = .78) for both Cultural and Individual subscales and acceptable reliability (α = .69) for the Institutional subscale. For study inclusion, participants need to obtain a score of 55, which represents elevated race-related stress.

Patient Q&A Section

Does stress, psychological run in families?

"Recent findings did suggest an association between distress in adolescence and psychological distress in late adulthood, but these associations are probably accounted for by psychological family background." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Can stress, psychological be cured?

"Stress and psycho-social problems have a major impact on many patients' daily life, and treatments to reduce stress and increase resilience and positive outlook may contribute to recovery." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is stress, psychological?

"Findings from a recent study concludes that the correlation between psychosocial factors and depressive symptoms has lessened. Stress, psychological, and demographic variables are major variables when addressing depression. Findings from a recent study also highlights the potential role for the mother, especially during the birth experiences, and this may be why the level of stress and depression is high." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What are the signs of stress, psychological?

"A combination of stress symptoms may include headaches, digestive disturbances, sleep disturbances, panic attacks and poor concentration. Poor concentration may be caused by the difficulty of maintaining concentration on tasks (e.g. homework) and is a risk factor for poor academic performance.\n" - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

How many people get stress, psychological a year in the United States?

"Most (61%) US adults are affected by stress to some extent each year, and 20.6% of US adults experienced severe stress, depression, or some combination of stress, psychological problems in the previous 12 months. Future research should examine how these individuals relate to their illnesses and help treat these comorbidities." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What causes stress, psychological?

"Stress is associated with many somatic conditions. It is not clear why stress arises at an early age, but stressful life events prior to school entry, family environment or home life, and environmental factors during childhood may be important. However, psychological stress arising concurrently with medical illness, which can be difficult to distinguish from chronic stress, may also be a risk factor. Many of the associations between psychological factors and symptoms and physical attributes are due to the psychological aspects of life and illness but not the medical elements. Interventions to reduce psychological distress may have a role in alleviating some of the other medical conditions related to stress and psychological factors." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What are common treatments for stress, psychological?

"Stress, psychological treatments, dietary change and medications are all commonly used as treatments. More rigorous research should be undertaken to establish the most effective treatment for stress and psychological disorders." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What does mindfulness meditation usually treat?

"A meta-analysis of 15 RCTs suggests that MMT is effective in reducing stress. No evidence was found, however, that MMT is effective in reducing distress, fear of relapse, anxiety, or depression. Due to the methodological issues encountered, further research is recommended." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Has mindfulness meditation proven to be more effective than a placebo?

"Results from a recent paper of our study suggest mindfulness meditation may not be more effective than a placebo in decreasing distress in individuals with high levels of trait mindfulness. Further research is needed to examine the role of mindfulness in the treatment of depression." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Is mindfulness meditation typically used in combination with any other treatments?

"There is strong support for combining mindfulness meditation with a number of treatments for chronic pain, including medication, cognitive-behavioral therapy, exercise, exercise therapy, and hypnosis. There is also evidence to support the use of mindfulness meditation in combination with another treatment for chronic pain (such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, acupuncture, exercise, and relaxation therapy)." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Is mindfulness meditation safe for people?

"Mindfulness meditation is as safe as other mind-body interventions for adults with mild to moderate anxiety disorders, and appears similar to other interventions. More research in children, adolescents and the elderly, and more research at a longer term and larger sample size are warranted to confirm and extend these preliminary findings." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer
Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.
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