Currently, writing exercises are used mainly in psychotherapy, yet they have also been proposed as a new clinical method for enhancing therapeutic outcomes in other psychotherapies, such as cognitive behavior therapy and relational psychoanalysis.
There is one infant mortality per 400 deliveries. There are 7 adverse birth outcomes for every 100,000 live births. There is one neonatal mortality per 18,200 live births. There are 9 adverse birth outcomes per 1000 pregnancies.
Complicated births were more likely to cause an adverse birth outcome. This highlights the importance of considering the interaction of obstetric and perinatal factors in relation the causal pathways from conception through to the start of the newborn period.
Medications are commonly used by pregnant women to treat a variety of disorders and for medications from the category of medications of conception, which are commonly used are NSAIDs and/or nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
The following are a sample of adverse birth outcomes and their signs: stillbirth, preterm birth, intrauterine growth retardation (>10% ), low birth weight (<2500 g), birth trauma, breech birth and high-risk pregnancies. (2) A systematic review of the literature and case reports are also reported. (3) A literature review of the indications for caesarean section is reported. (4) A literature review of the indications for instrumental delivery is also reported.
Although the rates of perinatal mortality had decreased in each region in the United States, the number of preterm deliveries and low birthweight babies increased. Poor quality of care during pregnancy, poor birth outcomes and lack of universal health care make public health priorities and must be stressed out when addressing these issues.
The birth outcomes of disadvantaged mothers do not always improve following changes to their lifestyles or to the delivery unit and provision of adequate postnatal care. The evidence regarding whether postnatal care can affect birth weights of babies of disadvantaged women needs to be carefully examined.
Writing exercises appear to be feasible and well tolerated for pediatric patients with and without severe disabilities who are admitted to neonatal intensive care unit.
Children who participated in writing exercises experienced more improvement in reading speed, vocabulary, and in spelling tests than children who participated in a placebo. Writers' exercises can be an effective method of improving reading skills in children younger than the age of 16.
There are many discoveries for treating complications related to LBW; therefore, the adverse birth outcomes related to LBW still remain problematic. The authors hope to summarize the current knowledge of the medical management of complications related to LBW to raise the awareness of LBW management, and increase support in further scientific investigations.
Of all adverse birth outcomes reported to the NSPQR, 3 in every 10 births resulted in serious illness. The risks associated with the adverse outcomes were most serious when the mother was of younger than 20 years of age, when the baby was born in the first 35 weeks, or if he or she was not born in a health care facility. The risk of obstetric intervention in severe cases was also raised, including induction of labour, Caesarean section and/or instrumental delivery while the number of adverse birth outcomes were increased. The occurrence and frequency of the outcomes highlight the need to improve healthcare of these patients.