This trial is evaluating whether Exercise Modes will improve 11 primary outcomes and 62 secondary outcomes in patients with Obesity. Measurement will happen over the course of 16 weeks gestation.
This trial requires 300 total participants across 3 different treatment groups
This trial involves 3 different treatments. Exercise Modes is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will be divided into 3 treatment groups. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.
Obesity affects 30.2% of the US female population and 24.9% of the male population with the most obese being Hispanic, black African American, and Asian/Pacific Islander. On average there are over 2.6 million individuals in the US overweight or obese with 13% of the population being obese.\n
Although obesity does not have an impact on morbidity or all-cause mortality, it has been associated with adverse cardiovascular risk profiles, as measured by serum lipid concentrations and some aspects of arterial function. In addition, obesity has been associated with insulin resistance, which has been related to the development of type 2 diabetes. This suggests that obesity can be managed with a goal of reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes and related risk profiles.
Signs of obesity include excessive eating, lack of exercising, and lack of physical activity. Overweight people often eat larger amounts of food than their lean counterparts. Obese individuals also tend to have a larger body-mass index. Being overweight has been tied to psychological and social problems in the recent past. Overweight people often experience weight-related problems which persist and increase with the onset of puberty. Obesity is associated with many chronic illnesses such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, and sleep issues.
Results from a recent clinical trial identified the following characteristics of common treatments for obesity, which can be used in informing patients prior to making treatment decisions: (1) the benefits outweigh the risks and side effects, and (2) an initial treatment plan that includes a series of short, gradual weight loss events (i.e., diet and exercise) usually results in complete remission of the symptoms within 1 to 2 years.
Obesogenesis can be conceptualised as a consequence of complex interactions in which the genetic make-up determines an individual's metabolic state, a high-fat diet is chosen despite the fact that the individual has a high genetic susceptibility to acquiring metabolic disease, and an environmental risk factor for metabolic disease precipitates the diet choices. Such a conceptualisation may be useful in developing an understanding of obesity. Although this explanation may be simplistic, it may also be helpful in identifying the many interactions that occur between genes, diet and environment in the development of obesity.
Obesity is defined as a BMI that is greater than or equal to 30 kg/m(2). An average of about 7.2 million American men and women now are classified as morbidly obese. To summarize, this article will describe obesity in an attempt to raise awareness about the potential health consequences of obesity. An important clue of the health-related problems of obesity is that most of the cases of obesity (about 90-95%) are the result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Obesity is a major public health problem that has become worse in last few decades and is an urgent challenge for our country and world.
Exercise modes with an emphasis on low impact exercises, such as yoga, tai chi, Pilates, and gymnastics, can be helpful to patients who are recovering from injury or illness. Yoga, tai chi, and Pilates have proven to be effective when compared to a control treatment group. Yoga and tai chi have the most extensive evidences.
There is evidence to suggest that long-term HIIT exercise provides an important contribution to exercise-induced heart rate reduction, even in highly sedentary and obese individuals. Long term HIIT exercise appears to be a safe exercise mode for people of all fitness levels. However, HIIT training has not been well studied for people under 40 years of age, and long term cardiorespiratory rehabilitation needs further rigorous evaluation to establish its safety and efficacy in this age group.
About 5% of a population becomes obese at age 45 years, the oldest age reported, but the average age that obesity begins is around the age of 4.7 years. Obesity is rare until the age of 50 years and by that age up to 2% of a population is obese. In the United Kingdom obesity starts to climb at age 10: about one in four children start to become obese by the time they are 14. There is a sex difference in average body mass: in the United Kingdom males are 8% or 1.1 oz (less than 1 stone) heavier than females.
Exercise is a part of exercise theory that emphasizes that in order to perform a physical activity, the individual must be in a balanced state that will contribute a favorable level of effort while being able to maintain a sufficiently high degree of skill to avoid being inefficient in the use of energy. The different exercise modes are the result of the person's level of fitness, the intensity of activity, and what is to be done. In general, aerobic exercise is generally considered beneficial in the case of overweight people. Although many people do their aerobic exercise at a low intensity, a majority of the research shows that aerobic exercise is beneficial even in case of obesity.
More research on a large scale must be made, and the existing studies still need to be expanded because many don't really take into consideration that obesity as a disease is complex and must be treated individually for all people who are affected by the same problems and causes. Although there aren’t a lot of drugs currently being used for obesity most of the drugs are the same drugs that are prescribed for type 2 diabetes(which is basically insulin.) For a person if is treated like type 2 diabetes then that person will have to take insulin, but if you have type 2 and you already take insulin the doctor will say “you don’t need the insulin too much.
Despite the positive results reported by some authors, there is a paucity of data demonstrating that different modes of exercise in combination with any type of treatment effectively prevent or treat common diseases, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia.