This trial is evaluating whether Treatment will improve 1 primary outcome and 1 secondary outcome in patients with Parkinson Disease. Measurement will happen over the course of Baseline to twelve weeks.
This trial requires 120 total participants across 2 different treatment groups
This trial involves 2 different treatments. Treatment is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. Some patients will receive a placebo treatment. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.
The onset of movement disorders usually occurs in a group of syndromes that have high diagnostic overlap with Parkinson disease. The prevalence of Lewy-related disease in non-parkinsonian movement disorder patients is high compared to the general population.
Several signs of [parkinson disease](https://www.withpower.com/clinical-trials/parkinson-disease) include tremor, briskness of limb movement, and loss of coordination. Moreover, these signs may be intermittent and can occur at any moment during the day or night, irrespective of external stimulation. This contrasts with symptoms of a restless legs syndrome, which typically first arise in the middle of the day, peak throughout the day or night, and often go away with only short-term reduction of dopamine, such as from taking a dopamine agonist. All of these manifestations of parkinsonian symptoms can be disabling in their own right and constitute a serious neurologic problem. Clinically, a doctor should first consider the possibility of a diagnosis other than Parkinson's disease when examining one's patient with parkinsonism-like symptoms.
Although PD is a rare disease in the United States, [10,000 PD patients were diagnosed per year] in 1995, this number is likely to be an overenhancement. Most of these patients are less than 80 years of age or less likely to be a resident of the United States. Further, PD-specific hospital admissions are decreasing.
This report demonstrates that the ability of certain Parkinson's disease treatments to control motor symptoms may be improved by concomitant use of selegiline and deep brain stimulation in patients with severe parkinsonism. Data from a recent study and their clinical implications underscore the potential benefit and importance of deep brain stimulation in treating motor symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease.
The exact cause of Parkinson's disease is unknown, although it is known to be associated with certain genetic risk factors and a combination of environmental and environmental factors. No single environmental factor seems to be responsible for the development of Parkinson's disease.
Treatment for Parkinson disease includes surgery, thalamotomy, and deep brain stimulation (DBS). Pharmacological treatment options include monoaminergics, dopamine agonists, and levodopa. DBS has become an important treatment for advanced disease, including freezing of gait. This article also explores common treatments other than DBS for Parkinson's disease.
Currently, levodopa, selegiline and other dopa-decarboxylase inhibitors remain the main forms of treatment for PD. Levodopa and selegiline are effective with regard to reducing symptoms in the early stages of the disease, but patients are frequently affected by the worsening of their levodopa-induced dyskinesia, a condition that is often irreversible and is often treated with some sort of deep brain stimulation stimulation to alleviate its damaging side effects. Also, many patients are given a 'drug holiday' for a month to two weeks when they experience an improvement in motor symptoms, as an attempt to reduce the use of levodopa.
Serious complications may include pneumonia, deep-vein thrombosis, and sudden cardiac death. Patients can develop new signs and symptoms of Parkinson disease, including rapid onset hypokaliemia and high serum magnesium.
We found little familial aggregation in Parkinson's disease but a significant association between Parkinson's disease and a family history of Parkinson's disease. The exact genetic makeup of such familial aggregation remains uncertain. In the future, it may help to pinpoint a specific gene influencing the disease.
There is a tendency for PD patients to assume that they should not be treated, but the [right treatment at the right time] for PD patients depends on factors such as severity of motor impairment and level of disability. Current pharmacological therapy for PD is not entirely satisfactory. New treatment strategies need to be established in the future.
Clinic staffs need to consider the inclusion and exclusion criteria of clinical trial and other related information. If the patients show a stable course and can tolerate the adverse events of clinical trials, their participation in clinical trials would be acceptable.
The placebo effect may be an important factor for the clinical treatment of PD, considering the high number of responders. It remains unclear which factors predisposing PD patients to show a placebo effect.