Knee injury can develop into a painful and uncomfortable condition where physical movement at least is restricted. It is often identified by being able to walk only on one side of the body, if either side becomes too painful then the walking will eventually also be restricted to the other side of the body. \n\nMedical diagnosis of joint pain and inflammation is often difficult where a diagnosis is not immediately readily apparent. Initial assessment of a medical diagnosis or condition is often delayed or hindered because patients are reluctant to disclose pain as it is common for patients to feel that telling their friends or family is more 'important' and less painful. The presentation of initial symptoms of joint pain and inflammation can be difficult to pinpoint for many clinicians due to the frequent delay in diagnosis.
Preventing knee injuries in contact sports could help to prevent a large number of lower extremity injuries, as well as reduce medical costs for those participating in contact sports.
Treatment recommendations for knee injuries can range from rest to surgery. There are many factors that are taken into consideration when deciding if an acute injury is manageable without surgery. Clinician are highly dependent on the mechanism of injury as well as the clinical status and the patient's preference on surgery. It is highly unlikely that a definitive treatment will be found for every injury. Treatment plans will vary as a result of factors such as the mechanism of injury, fracture pattern, and general health of the patient. Clinicians will also take into consideration all previous management decisions to determine the most appropriate course of action. For example, if the patient refuses to receive surgery, the clinician can consider other treatments.
The diagnosis of ACL injury has five important signs, including: decreased quadriceps strength, pain in the adducted and flexed knee, popping cartilage, swelling, and signs of a tear on the knee exam by physical examination. There are also signs of a meniscal injury or a sprained ankle.
Although a high proportion of injury victims develop symptoms, there exists a high number of those with complete resolution. Those with complete resolution tend to have less knee symptoms as compared to those with persistent symptoms. There are no correlations between age, the type of trauma, the period since injury or the presence of concomitant injuries. Hence, the results in this study suggest that knee injuries are not inevitable and can be treated successfully.
Results from a recent clinical trial shows that knee problems are a common disabling condition, and that these problems significantly affect the quality of life of many US citizens. The data suggest that the occurrence of knee injuries has increased during the past decade and that there has been a shift from severe, chronic injuries to minor, acute knee problems. Thus, the American society and the health care industry must address the underlying causes, for example better protection, early intervention, and proper rehabilitation. The findings of the study suggest that a better understanding of the causes, processes and timing of knee injuries is needed in order to provide appropriate care and prevention as well as optimal pain management.
The current study demonstrates that the use of biofeedback knee sleeves is effective in ameliorating symptoms of knee OA. Biofeedback knee sleeves were found to be more helpful than placebo after one month. Additional randomized controlled trials should be performed over an extended period to determine if this intervention can delay the onset of OA symptoms.
Most knee injuries are relatively minor. In order, the knee injury has highest risk of: (A) cartilage damage; (B) ligament injury; (C) meniscectomy; (D) ACL injury; (E) blood vessel injury; (F) patellar tendinitis; (G) meniscus injury; (H) collateral ligament injuries; (I) bone injuries; (J) tendonitis; (K) ligament rupture; (L) muscle injuries; and (M) synovia knee injury.
Biofeedback knee sleeves are effective in relieving the joint pain associated with chronic medial knee flexion and knee adduction, providing a means for pain relief. The relief of pain associated with medial knee flexion is greater than that for relief of knee adduction pain using a biofeedback knee sleeve. Neither pain relief, nor improved range of motion, is sustained at the 1-week posttreatment period following cessation of use of the knee sleeve.
Results from a recent clinical trial suggests that biofeedback knee sleeves offer advantages in comfort, flexibility and effectiveness with improved safety while retaining the ability to perform sports activity.
A significant number of patients treated with KSS experienced side effects such as pain, discomfort, redness, warmth, and mild swelling. The clinical significance, if any, of these effects needs further study as there is a need for improved patient education and informed consent processes for these devices.
There has not been any significant new information on improving knee injuries other than keeping the knee externally rotated. Clinicians must use their judgement in managing knee injuries.