Although the procedure is relatively simple and inexpensive, the high cost of medical expenses needs to be considered as a disadvantage. At present, we believe that it is not practical to use the process of simultaneous fetal oxygen monitoring for clinical trials.
The effect of complication of labor with or without fetal or neonatal asphyxia may be cured by the timely delivery of vaginal or caesarean births.
The prevalence of all neonatal and fetal effects is lower than reported because most neonatal and fetal effects were not reported in many national or regional pregnancy registries. Many countries have developed programs to improve their surveillance and reporting of pregnancy complications.
Although some of the causes can be identified during labor, many more were not known, including infectious and non-infectious maternal and fetal complications. Therefore, all the causes of fetal and neonatal effect of labor should be considered. This list of causes is based on the results of fetal and neonatal studies.
Abrupt fetal death was the most common fetal sign of labor complication. The combination of fetal apnea and vaginal hemorrhage was the most common neonatal sign.
Maternal medical, socioeconomic, and demographic characteristics were significantly different between those delivering at term vs preterm. The presence of a history of post-traumatic stress disorder or the history of a severe mood disorder were associated with higher odds of delivering preterm.
Women without any fetal or neonatal effect have a 1.7 to sixfold greater risk of postpartum lupus than women with either adverse outcome. Because fetal and neonatal effects are rare, and may persist after delivery, an association with the postpartum development of lupus remains possible.
In the present study, no research was able to find any difference in outcomes with the usage of labor induction vs. induction by expectant treatment for uncomplicated pregnancies. However, this may be the result of low quality studies. To find a high-quality randomized study, large sample size is required. Also, there are other strategies beyond the induction itself, such as the use of mechanical ventilators and fetal monitoring.
The primary cause of fetal and neonatal effect of complication of labor was not determined. Primary causes of fetal and neonatal effect of complication of labor should not be assumed to be pre-eclampsia.
The data presented support the conclusion that a dual fetal oxygen sensor reduces the risks of intrauterine infection and of the delivery of an infected infant.
There may be a significant racial difference in the incidence of CPL in this population. Further research is needed on the risk factors for CPL, the timing and rate of fetal or neonatal outcome, and the management of labor complicated by CPL to improve patient outcomes and improve cost-effectiveness.
Prenatal, non-invasive use of dual fetal oxygen sensors leads to improvement in quality of life in patients with fetal or neonatal ligation of the umbilical cord for complication of labor.