Parent Intervention Group for Depression

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
Depression+1 More
Parent Intervention Group - Other
Any Age
All Sexes
Eligible conditions

Study Summary

This study is evaluating whether a psychosocial intervention is feasible and acceptable for parents and adolescents.

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Eligible Conditions

  • Depression
  • Melancholia
  • Depressive Disorder

Treatment Effectiveness

Effectiveness Estimate

1 of 3

Study Objectives

This trial is evaluating whether Parent Intervention Group will improve 1 primary outcome and 5 secondary outcomes in patients with Depression. Measurement will happen over the course of Pre- & post-treatment (8 weeks).

2 years (study duration)
Feasibility Outcomes
Week 8
Parent-Adolescent Interaction
Week 8
Adolescent depression
Parent Affective Responding
Parent Expressed Emotion
Parent-Adolescent Conflict

Trial Safety

Trial Design

2 Treatment Groups

Parent Intervention Group

This trial requires 60 total participants across 2 different treatment groups

This trial involves 2 different treatments. Parent Intervention Group is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

Parent Intervention Group
The parent intervention group will undergo 8 weekly, manualized group sessions, with between 6 and 10 parent participants. Sessions are structured and follow an agenda including check-in and review of home practice, discussion of a skill or strategy, and review and assignment of home practice. Group sessions are held weekly for 1.5 hours and include both didactic, discussion, and practice elements, as well as assigned home practice.
ControlNo treatment in the control group

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Approximate Timeline
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: 2 years (study duration)
This trial has the following approximate timeline: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and roughly 2 years (study duration) for reporting.

Who is running the study

Principal Investigator
M. A.
Madison Aitken, Clinician Investigator at Cundill Centre for Child and Youth Depression; Psychologist in the Child, Youth and Emerging Adult Program
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Closest Location

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health - Toronto, Canada

Eligibility Criteria

This trial is for patients born any sex of any age. You must have received 1 prior treatment for Depression or the other condition listed above. There are 5 eligibility criteria to participate in this trial as listed below.

Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
The parent or caregiver of an adolescent aged 13-18 years should monitor changes in mood and behavior show original
The adolescents who are part of the care pathway for depression are the ones who are referred to the parent group. show original
Both the parent and the adolescent can speak, read, and write English at a Grade 6 level or above. show original
The adolescent has been diagnosed with a depressive disorder and reports feeling sad most of the time. show original
If either the parent or the youth endorse problematic levels of conflict in their relationship, they have a total score of 9 or greater on the adolescent version, or a total score of 11 or greater on the parent version, of the 20-item Conflict Behavior Questionnaire show original

Patient Q&A Section

Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.

What are common treatments for depression?

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Common treatment for depression is a combination of multiple types of therapy, either individually or simultaneously. This is commonly through psychoeducation, cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication interventions and support groups.\n

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What are the signs of depression?

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depression is a major psychological problem. This may affect a person in many ways. Although a number of signs are consistent with depression, the signs cannot be the only criterion for diagnosing depression. For example, many people report experiencing a few depressed episodes a year without having symptoms of depression. An increased risk of depression can be identified in many demographic groups, including those with a history of depression, those with a family history of depression, those over the 65s, and those living in areas with lower levels of economic, educational and/or social resources. The effect of depression has many facets including functional and social impairment, cognitive and emotional disturbance, sleep disturbance and increased risk of suicide.

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What causes depression?

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The cause of depression is very complex and not entirely known. The disease process is likely to be caused by a combination of various factors, including genetics, physical, and psychological causes. Depression may also be part of a spectrum of illnesses that involve excessive pain and other symptoms that resemble those of depression, which may be caused by brain dysfunction and abnormalities in neurotransmitter physiology.

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Can depression be cured?

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Some patients can be treated successfully to the depressive symptoms of a depressive disorder with minimal relapse of depression after stopping their medication. However, even with aggressive treatment to the core symptoms, symptoms persist and can recur throughout life, which may necessitate continuous treatment. The most effective treatment is a combination of multiple medications and psychotherapy. Because of concerns about side effects, many psychiatrists, particularly in the United States, treat only the core symptoms using medication.

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What is depression?

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It is an illness that can come in many forms and the symptoms vary among people. This illness can affect a wide range of mental and physical functioning. Understanding the illness and its symptoms is important for managing these symptoms in the future and enhancing the quality of life for those afflicted.

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How many people get depression a year in the United States?

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About 8.8 million to 11.9 million Americans experience major depressive disorder at some point in their lives. The percentage of adults with depression more than doubles between 1971 and 2003. The lifetime prevalence of major depression is about 16% and the prevalence of lifetime suicide attempts is 4.8% to 10.1%. Depression is a chronic disorder that is treated but not fully understood.

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What are the latest developments in parent intervention group for therapeutic use?

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Recent developments are characterized by the introduction of new treatment approaches and the systematic use of technology, with the aim of improving the quality of parenting. Data from a recent study highlights the necessity and the potential benefit of addressing the role of primary caregivers in the treatment of depression.

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Is parent intervention group typically used in combination with any other treatments?

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In the presence of a parent, the child was more likely to participate in other treatment services, which in turn resulted in a greater rate of positive treatment effects.

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What is the primary cause of depression?

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More research and theory are required to explain why such variations in depression rates have been observed, and why most of the risk factors have remained unchanged for centuries.

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Does parent intervention group improve quality of life for those with depression?

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Parent-child psychotherapy reduces suicidal thoughts in children and adolescents with depression and their parents, and is associated with improvements in QOL, suicidal thoughts, and parents' perceptions of child-related QOL, compared with parent education.

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Have there been other clinical trials involving parent intervention group?

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Parent-based interventions demonstrated positive outcomes in children with an early-onset major depressive episode; however, there is more than one parent-based intervention and even more than one type of parent-based intervention.

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What is the average age someone gets depression?

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Depression tends to start at an early age, possibly even as early as 5 years old. Also, the symptoms tend to worsen, in some cases more rapidly, over time. The mean age of individuals with depression ranges from 27 to 30 with no obvious peak age in the symptom pattern. The average age of the first diagnosis is 14.4 years old; this age is much older than the mean age of first onset of depression. Results from a recent paper are similar to those from Australia and Canada. They also show that depression can start as early as 5 years of age and the diagnosis of depression at this age is less common than would be expected. Most individuals start with depressive symptoms before they are 24 years old.

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