Cancer can have many causes, including genetic mutations, nutritional factors, environmental toxins, family history, and lifestyle choices. The cause of cancer is an active area of research because there are many possible targets for cancer prevention and treatment.
Breast cancer is treated with surgery, radio- and chemotherapeutic agents and hormonotherapy. More aggressive mastectomy, the removal of the entire breast plus the lining tissue, is often performed to achieve a complete resection, especially in cases where chemotherapy is used. Surgical staging is often required to determine the spread of the cancer. Surgery, particularly mastectomy, is the treatment of choice for women with breast cancer.
Breast cancer is more common in younger women than in older women. The occurrence of breast cancer is not triggered by any single event; rather the probability is affected by a number of environmental or genetic factors. At any one time, about 7 out of 10 women with breast cancer will have been affected by it in their lifetime, and of these women nearly all of them will have been under the age of 50.
Symptoms of breast cancer vary, but can be painful, a lump under the skin and/or redness and warmth of the area. These can lead to problems for patients with breast cancer. Signs like these can affect daily functioning, for example reduced activity. The more signs, the worse the prognosis. In other words, the higher the quantity, the higher the likelihood that your breast cancer will progress, and the less quality of life you can expect.\n
A substantial fraction of people with [breast cancer](https://www.withpower.com/clinical-trials/breast-cancer) will die within 5 or 10 years, so many patients will be diagnosed after 5 or 10 years have passed since their initial cancer.
Breast cancer, although being a complex disease, can be cured if all parts are found and removed at the time of diagnosis and the cancer has been thoroughly treated and all symptoms present at the time of diagnosis of the cancer have been addressed.
About 1 in 10 women are at some lifetime risk for being diagnosed with breast cancer. The risk level can differ by age, family history and medical examination history. The lifetime risk is most strongly linked with the presence of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations in the families. It is of value to understand the age-related increase in breast cancer risk.
A minority of existing trials of informational interventions are reported in reputable peer-reviewed publications. More research is needed to explore these programs' effects on a variety of clinical and surrogate outcomes.
The use of a mobile phone application was an effective means of increasing health information and improving breast cancer self-diagnosis. The study was conducted on an adult population and the results may not be applicable to younger women and those in low socioeconomic groups where breast cancer is less prevalent.
The findings indicate that informational intervention only has a positive effect when combined with other forms of treatment, such as surgery or radiation. Hence, it seems advisable to include the informational intervention as an element in a larger treatment plan. However, it still remains to be determined which type of informational intervention (such as informational booklets or a web page) offers the highest gain for patients and health care providers, as well as for the health system.
As well as being the most common breast cancer among women under 40, it is an oft-quoted fact that it makes up more than 65% of all cases diagnosed in those in their 30s and 40s. I think it's important to keep this knowledge in mind when I address the issue of breast cancer research. (from the official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the "Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology")\nThere are many hypotheses as to why we develop and how we contract breast cancer. Some hypotheses focus on environmental exposures, such as diet, alcohol intake, or hormone levels, while others focus on genetics, e.g.
Although familial occurrence of breast cancer is infrequent, this study has demonstrated an increase in breast cancer risk among relatives of breast cancer patients. This warrants further clarification on the mechanism of this genetic predisposition to familial breast cancer, as this risk may be amenable to lifestyle modification.