This trial is evaluating whether Treatment will improve 1 primary outcome and 8 secondary outcomes in patients with Aphasia. Measurement will happen over the course of Pre- treatment and at 2 weeks post treatment (tDCS and sham).
This trial requires 50 total participants across 2 different treatment groups
This trial involves 2 different treatments. Treatment is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. Some patients will receive a placebo treatment. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.
There are many signs of aphasia. Signs include a weakened speech ability, which may be described as slurred, and abnormal speech mechanics such as a slurred speech rate.\n
The term aphasia is defined when a particular aphasia disorder is predominant, but other treatments may be needed. Many treatments for aphasia involve speech, reading, reading comprehension, and oral motor skills. These therapy techniques are designed to promote language production, language comprehension, and communication skills. Additionally, many patients with aphasia benefit from neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) training.
In most cases, stroke and tumours cause damage to the brain and cause aphasia. The other types of aphasia are thought to be caused by loss of a part of the brain. The aphasia network is believed to be caused when lesions destroy a part of the brain that sends information via a pathway to the part of the brain responsible for producing speech. It is now believed that damage to this pathway, usually caused by stroke or tumour, can result in aphasia.
Aphasias are communication disorders that result from damage to the brain's language or speech processing centers. There are three distinct types of aphasias: expressive aphasia (lack of fluency and clarity of language); receptive aphasia (lack of understanding language); and conduction aphasia (lack of understanding language). Aphasias affect about 200 million people globally.\n
Aphasia cannot be cured by any intervention because there is no single underlying cause that can be found to be responsible for the symptoms. Thus, it is necessary to determine if there are specific causes of the aphasia by diagnostic method.
Aphasia occurs in about 7.8 million patients a year in United States. Aphasia is much more common in men and there is a correlation between age of aphasic and aphasic. It seems aphasia occurs in all age groups and there is a gender bias.
There is a high rate of depression in people with aphasia, and the rate is independent of the presence of treatment. Despite this, treatment of depression leads to measurable improvements in mood and quality of life for people with aphasia.
Despite the high frequency of apraxia in familial families as reported in the literature, only a small percentage of the sample was affected. Data from a recent study suggest that other genetic cause(s) are involved in inducing the aphasic syndrome.
There is no evidence that treatment is more effective than a placebo in relieving aphasia. Patients and practitioners need to be aware that while treatment results in better patient recovery, it does not affect outcome in any other way.
Aphasia severity can range from a very non-significant problem to needing full medical attention to prevent further problems associated with the disorder. In some cases patients' ability to cope with their difficulty with communication may be hindered by social attitudes towards the communication disorder. Most patients manage, however, since aphasis is usually a chronic problem. Some patients may be more likely to become involved with the medical profession due to their difficulties communicating and obtaining the help necessary in resolving problems. There is no one specific treatment which relieves all symptoms of aphasia, although many treatments that have positive results are being researched on. There are two main treatments: cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and speech therapy.
Many different primary causes of aphasia exist and each can produce different signs and symptoms. The underlying etiology may be from stroke, a traumatic brain aneurysm or a tumor, or any neurological disease. The most common causes in our patient population were infarction or hemorrhage. A recent study also demonstrated a correlation between aphasia and Alzheimer's disease. The most important symptom is a difficulty in speaking, which can be either fluent or halting; and is most commonly seen in those older than 60 and in females. The severity of aphasia can differ throughout the severity of the disease, and is usually most apparent in those with early onset.
The way speech therapy and/or other speech and language treatment can help with [aphasia is different if you have [apraxia of speech] (AOSP) or [apraxic dysphagia] (ADP)] is to provide repetition and learning for speech and language skills so the patient has the skills they need to carry out the functional communication that the patient needs. Also, these strategies have not found to be cost effective and time consuming for patients to learn to communicate, which is why it is not so often used to treat (AOSP)/ADP. [Power] https://www.withpower.