This trial is evaluating whether Infant Directed Speech (IDS) Video + IDS Wall Calendar will improve 4 primary outcomes in patients with Infant Development. Measurement will happen over the course of 10 hours.
This trial requires 2800 total participants across 2 different treatment groups
This trial involves 2 different treatments. Infant Directed Speech (IDS) Video + IDS Wall Calendar is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.
Infants are at high risk of developing the autism spectrum disorder and pervasive developmental delay spectrum disorders. Infants develop more slowly in language than verbal intelligence. Infants are more likely to develop those disorders if given a low birth weight, premature birth, or a low-grade fever in the first year or two of life. Infants are more likely to develop those disorders if both of their parents have the same birth weight, premature birth, or low-grade fever in the first year or two of life. Infants are more likely to develop a low-grade fever in the first year or two of life if they are born before 29.5 weeks of gestation, but not if they are born after 29.5 weeks.
Very few children receive the recommended monthly dose from 5 to 6 months and the recommended dose by 2 years of age. This underscores the need for increased U.S. participation in existing global randomized clinical trials such as the International Development Research Center (IDS) RCTs for Infants with Developmental Disabilities (RAPID).
There is substantial variation in the recommendations (often in the form of 'treatment protocols' and 'checklists') published for infants' early intervention with the aim of improving their intellectual, motor, and cognitive development as per the international recommendations of the World Health Organization and the International Federation of Pediatric Associations.
There is a strong link between the early environment and the physical and cognitive development of offspring, but there are large variations between children. The early development of a person is primarily determined by the interactions of the environment, the child's genes, and the child's behavioral and social development.\n
Signs of brain, eye, ear, and heart development can be observed within the first few weeks of life. Signs of heart development include heart murmur, a heart beat with palpation, and a normal jugular venous pulse. Eye development can be assessed by looking at the eyes' position when smiling and moving arms, in order to see if the eyes move with the movements of the hands. If the eyes do not move, these signs suggest abnormalities to the brain. The main signs of ear development are crying when not being breast fed, delayed or no eye and ear movements, and delayed or no interest in the outside world or in familiar faces and objects. These signs also show the baby may have brain abnormalities.
There is some evidence that the physical development of children is influenced by their parents. However, parents may be equally or more likely to influence their child's physical development, or at least be more likely to do so if they possess certain personality traits.
None of the treatments were associated with a significant change in development, but they lacked the high quality, randomized design necessary for any definitive conclusions. In a recent study, findings in this study indicate that there is little or no evidence to support the use of any intervention for any specific age group in infancy.
Video games have been shown to have positive effects on language development in children. Results from a recent paper found the addition of an interactive video game and wall calendar had no additional language-based benefits. It is likely the video game component was the more important factor in a child's language-based development.
These preliminary results show both video + wall calendar can be utilized for children's therapy and play in order that both language development as well as parent-child interaction can maintain stable. Infants and young children should remain in a supervised, clean environment when using these activities in order to minimize the risks of exposure to physical damage and SARS-CoV-2.
The findings corroborate and further develop previous meta-analyses highlighting that the association between parenting behaviours and infant emotion regulation is moderated by the mother's stress responsivity.
Clinicians should only use the ids combined with ids WFDC when patients have shown an interest in and understanding of ids language and the wall calendar.
A clinical trial would be needed to determine if id video + ids wall calendar is an effective intervention for enhancing ID-related quality of life in this population.