Squat Biofeedback for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear
Phase-Based Progress Estimates
University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear+3 More
Squat Biofeedback - Procedure
You have a chance of qualifying for this trial. We made sure your application will take less than 5 minutes.
What conditions do you have?
What conditions do you have?
Fifty percent of teenagers and young adults who suffer an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury develop radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) within 15 years. The resulting pain, reduced quality-of-life, and increased risk for co-morbidity lead to substantial healthcare costs, inability to fulfill work and personal responsibilities, and reduced long-term health. Articular cartilage degeneration is the hallmark sign of early OA development after knee injury. This deterioration can be measured by increased T2 and T1rho relaxation time on quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), an imaging biomarker for OA development. Harmful increases in MRI markers of the knee's articular cartilage occur within months of ACL injury and indicate preventative interventions should begin soon after injury. However, evidence-based interventions to prevent OA do not exist. We have shown that after ACL reconstruction (ACLR), patients exhibit asymmetric movement patterns characterized by up to 62% lower knee joint loading during walking and squatting in the injured limb at two months after ACLR. These knee joint loading patterns remain 40% lower at six months. Emerging evidence suggests knee joint unloading patterns after ACL injury may increase the risk for OA development. Currently, no studies have examined the efficacy of movement-focused interventions during the first months after ACLR, which explains the lack of evidence-based interventions that successfully increase knee loading early after ACLR. This gap presents a barrier to our long-term goal of preventing OA in young, active individuals before irreversible knee degeneration occurs. This project will challenge the traditional OA paradigm that too much joint loading (e.g. "wear and tear") causes cartilage breakdown. Our multi-disciplinary team spanning rehabilitation, orthopaedics, radiology and biomechanics has developed a novel visual biofeedback paradigm using portable force plates that can increase knee loading during squats within a single session after ACLR. This data suggest movement is modifiable using visual feedback, but its efficacy beyond a single training session is unknown. Our study will determine the efficacy of the visual biofeedback program initiated two weeks after ACLR by assessing movement biomechanics and MRI changes in cartilage microstructure six months later. Successful completion of this project will establish the first rehabilitation intervention to effectively and optimally load the knee joint early after ACLR, providing the initial steps in our work to prevent OA after ACL injury.
Michael Gill holds a Bachelors of Science in Integrated Science and Mathematics from McMaster University. During his degree he devoted considerable time modeling the pharmacodynamics of promising drug candidates. Since then, he has leveraged this knowledge of the investigational new drug ecosystem to help his father navigate clinical trials for multiple myeloma, an experience which prompted him to co-found Power Life Sciences: a company that helps patients access randomized controlled trials.