Resident counselling for Smoking, Cessation

Phase-Based Progress Estimates
1
Effectiveness
1
Safety
University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Smoking, Cessation+1 More
Resident counselling - Behavioral
Eligibility
18+
All Sexes
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Study Summary

This study is evaluating whether a program which encourages smoke-free homes may help reduce tobacco-caused disparities.

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Eligible Conditions

  • Smoking, Cessation
  • Second Hand Tobacco Smoke

Treatment Effectiveness

Effectiveness Progress

1 of 3

Study Objectives

This trial is evaluating whether Resident counselling will improve 1 primary outcome and 1 secondary outcome in patients with Smoking, Cessation. Measurement will happen over the course of 6 months.

6 months
Proportion of participants who achieve abstinence
Proportion of participants who adopt a smoke-free home voluntarily

Trial Safety

Trial Design

1 Treatment Group

Smoke-free home permanent supportive housing (PSH) resident intervention + Staff...
1 of 1
Experimental Treatment

This trial requires 400 total participants across 1 different treatment group

This trial involves a single treatment. Resident Counselling is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

Smoke-free home permanent supportive housing (PSH) resident intervention + Staff InterventionStudy staff will deliver a one hour, one-on-one counseling to PSH residents that includes: (1) a step-by-step guide on how to voluntarily adopt a smoke-free home, (2) information on second hand smoke (SHS) and third-hand smoke, alternative combustible tobacco and nicotine product use, cannabis-tobacco co-use, effects of SHS on kids and pets,(3) a worksheet on calculating personal costs related to tobacco use, and (4) pledges to designate one's home smoke-free. At follow-up assessments, the study team will ask participants whether they had a chance to view the intervention materials in between visits and will offer an opportunity for participants to discuss conflicts that they had experienced around smoke-free home adoption and will provide strategies to address these roadblocks.

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Approximate Timeline
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: 6 months
This trial has the following approximate timeline: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and roughly 6 months for reporting.

Closest Location

University of California, San Francisco - San Francisco, CA

Eligibility Criteria

This trial is for patients born any sex aged 18 and older. There are 6 eligibility criteria to participate in this trial as listed below.

Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
Age 18 years or older
Ability to understand study procedures and to comply with them for the entire length of the study.
Ability of individual or legal guardian/representative to understand a written informed consent document, and the willingness to sign it.
Current smokers [(smoked at least 100 cigarettes in lifetime, daily or non-daily smoking in the past 7 days and at least 5 cigarettes per day, verified by expired Carbon Monoxide (CO)>= 8 parts per million (ppm) who smoke in their homes.
Expect to live in the PSH site for at least 12 months
English proficient.

Patient Q&A Section

Is resident counselling typically used in combination with any other treatments?

"Counselling use is low in the Netherlands, particularly in teaching centres for residents who are going to be counselled by other residents. It is hoped that more training and better methods will increase the quantity and quality of counselling in teaching centres." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What are the signs of smoking, cessation?

"The most salient signs of [smoking cessation](https://www.withpower.com/clinical-trials/smoking-cessation) include increased thirst and fatigue. The presence of sore throat or hoarseness may indicate a possible infection, which can be prevented by stopping using the stop smoking programme." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is smoking, cessation?

"This paper highlights the importance of engaging patients in a dialogue regarding smoking to reduce the risk of developing COPD. Smoking cessation interventions targeting smokers should address both current smoking and smoking cessation as it is proven effective." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Can smoking, cessation be cured?

"There is no absolute guarantee that smoking causes disease. We found several small but statistically significant indications that quitting smoking can lower the risk for disease. Because of methodological problems in a small fraction of the studies that included a disease outcomes-data analysis did not show a significant treatment effect. This meta-analysis did not permit a firm conclusion about smoking cessation as an absolute guarantee against disease. In view of this uncertainty, we conclude that smoking cessation may well be an important public health measure that is worth exploring." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

How many people get smoking, cessation a year in the United States?

"Approximately 4 million nonsmokers in the United States attempt to quit smoking every year. Smoking cessation may save millions of dollars in the prevention of lung cancer, heart disease, and other diseases in this population." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What causes smoking, cessation?

"Although the cessation guidelines recommend that smokers should quit smoking to avoid developing the disease, the proportion of the adult smokers quitting smoking in Australia is below the rates that can prevent other health conditions like lung cancer, coronary artery disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease being common. This may reflect a failure of clinicians to recommend smoking cessation as a method of prevention of other conditions within the guidelines. A review of the medical literature (on this subject) also suggests that there were weaknesses in the evidence base for cigarette smoking cessation and that more randomized controlled trials of smoking cessation interventions in clinical practice would have further strengthened the evidence base." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What are common treatments for smoking, cessation?

"The majority of patients cite [smoking cessation](https://www.withpower.com/clinical-trials/smoking-cessation) as their treatment plan. The most popular smoking cessation interventions used in this sample were medication support and group counseling. For many smoking patients, the cessation of smoking is a long-term goal and an ongoing, dynamic process." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

How does resident counselling work?

"Interventions delivered to residents' personal health concerns and cigarette smoking status were effective in recruiting residents to participate in cessation programs and can be effectively delivered in a busy ED. A personal health coaching delivered in a brief, culturally-appropriate intervention is highly effective when combined with the ED nurses' smoking cessation interventions." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is the primary cause of smoking, cessation?

"Many individuals who smoke are unaware of the detrimental health risks of smoking. Many individuals with smoking disease-state will not take steps to quit. The goal of a smoking cessation program is to help people quit, although there are a few methods in use, which could be modified to improve outcomes. Research is needed to determine how best to educate smokers to make smoking cessation a priority." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is the average age someone gets smoking, cessation?

"There have been concerns by smokers and nonsmokers that smoking is linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, studies in which subjects have been followed long enough for cardiovascular disease to occur have found that smoking at an early age does not increase the risk, and may reduce the risk of some cardiovascular diseases. The average age people start smoking varies by population. Since most smokers start smoking before age 25, the average age people stop smoking is around the same regardless of where a person is from. There is some evidence that young men are more likely to use the tobacco (smoking) than their wives, and this may contribute to the gender difference in smoking rates. There are many factors that contribute to smoking cessation." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Is resident counselling safe for people?

"Results from a recent clinical trial of this study suggest that resident counselling is safe and that the majority of participants were satisfied with the intervention. Results from a recent clinical trial also show the significant influence on smoking behaviour on cessation success in the intervention group. Results from a recent clinical trial of further research are planned and it is projected that future resident counselling interventions will provide additional and further information." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What are the common side effects of resident counselling?

"Some of the side effects of counselling were severe but fortunately weren't fatal. The most common and troublesome side effect was excessive weight gain. Weight loss was rare and only observed when counselling of smokers was accompanied by diet and exercise. Thus, counselling is beneficial for the improvement of the well-being of smokers. Besides there were few cases of anxiety or insomnia. Thus the consultation of resident counsellors and the accompanying counselling is valuable. The side effects were less when resident counsellors were supervised by specialist counsellors." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer
Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.
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