This trial is evaluating whether Gamma Delta T-Cell Infusion will improve 2 primary outcomes and 2 secondary outcomes in patients with Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Measurement will happen over the course of at 6 weeks.
This trial requires 32 total participants across 5 different treatment groups
This trial involves 5 different treatments. Gamma Delta T-Cell Infusion is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will be divided into 5 treatment groups. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are in Phase 1 and are in the first stage of evaluation with people.
Overall, leukemia, myeloid, acute was found to be the most common form of leukemia in our study, and the disease had the highest rate of death. This information will help treat clinicians when discussing prognosis, treatment options, and relapse prevention with cancer patients. In addition, this information will help guide health care providers when diagnosing and treating other forms of blood cancers.
Symptoms are usually present before a diagnosis of AML has been made in about 20% of cases. Early suspicion should help avoid unnecessary diagnostic tests. A complete blood count may be normal early on; however, there will be an increase in white blood cells (WBCs) and platelets (PLTs) at later stages. Lymphocytes generally remain relatively stable during progression from AML to ALL.
Treatment of patients with leukemia, myeloid, acute is still unsatisfactory, but new findings may help improve patient outcome. In particular, the role of the p53 gene in ALL has been elucidated and novel therapy strategies based on targeting this gene may be developed in the future.
The risks associated with certain cancers are not well understood as all cancers fit this category. However, the overall risk of developing leukemia, myeloid, acute is quite small. This implies that if you already have leukemia it will probably progress to myeloid, acute. In contrast, if you have been diagnosed with leukemia, you should consider seeking out clinical trials as they could provide relief from the symptoms of the disease.
The data suggest that GdT cell infusions have no therapeutic benefit in patients with AML or MDS. Although this therapy was associated with significant toxicity, it deserves further evaluation as an option for selected high-risk AML, MDS, or ALL patients.
Although this was a small study, we found that gamma delta T cell infusions result in stable engraftment, but do not provide any survival benefit over historical controls. However, further studies are needed before this approach can be recommended to patients with relapsing-remitting MS.
Leukemias, myeloid, acute are a heterogeneous group of blood cancers where the exact cause remains unknown. Symptoms usually appear suddenly and progressively, but can vary greatly between cases. In many cases, symptoms are unremarkable, but in others they can be very alarming. In other cases, specific symptoms are present before diagnosis. To summarize, the following signs are found commonly in leukemias, myeloid, acute:\n1. Weight loss\n2. Anemia\n3. Fever\n4. Fast heart rate\n5. Low white blood cell count\n6.
The most common indications of gamma delta infusion include prophylactic treatment for patients who have already had an allogeneic stem cell transplant, high-risk patients with hematologic malignancies, and patients with intestinal T-cell lymphomas. Although data support efficacy for various diagnoses, very little evidence supports gamma delta as a treatment modality for any specific diagnosis. The available evidence suggests that gamma delta therapy adds no demonstrable benefit to standard treatments for most types of leukemias.
The two main reasons given for using gamma delta T cell therapy were persistent disease after conventional therapy or relapse after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In our study, we found that patients who received gamma delta T cell therapy tended not to require consolidation chemotherapy after high dose cytotoxic therapy. Gamma delta T cell therapy may be used alone or in conjunction with other therapies, depending on relapse risk and patient characteristics.
A few common side effects were observed after gamma delta T-cell infusions. Most of them were mild and reversible. In our study, only one patient had a severe allergic reaction during the infusion. Ninety percent of patients did not have any serious adverse events despite receiving high doses of gamma delta T cells. We believe that the data presented here will be helpful for further studies on gamma delta T-cell therapy.