Positive Connotation Language for Anesthesia

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
AnesthesiaPositive Connotation Language - Behavioral

Study Summary

This trial is testing whether a positive description of an epidural can help reduce the pain experienced during the procedure.

Treatment Effectiveness

Phase-Based Effectiveness

1 of 3

Study Objectives

1 Primary · 1 Secondary · Reporting Duration: 1 hour

1 hour
Max pain score during the epidural procedure
Overall satisfaction during the epidural procedure

Trial Safety

Trial Design

2 Treatment Groups

Positive Connotation Group
1 of 2
Nocebo Group
1 of 2

Experimental Treatment

Non-Treatment Group

30 Total Participants · 2 Treatment Groups

Primary Treatment: Positive Connotation Language · Has Placebo Group · N/A

Positive Connotation Group
Experimental Group · 1 Intervention: Positive Connotation Language · Intervention Types: Behavioral
Nocebo Group
PlaceboComparator Group · 1 Intervention: Negative Connotation Langauge · Intervention Types: Behavioral

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: 1 hour

Who is running the clinical trial?

University of MinnesotaLead Sponsor
1,299 Previous Clinical Trials
1,496,360 Total Patients Enrolled
Aaron Berg, MDPrincipal InvestigatorUniversity of Minnesota

Eligibility Criteria

Age 18+ · Female Participants · 2 Total Inclusion Criteria

Mark “Yes” if the following statements are true for you:
You are pregnant.
This study does not include people who are getting an epidural for the first time.