This trial is evaluating whether Allogeneic LMP1/LMP2-Specific Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes will improve 2 primary outcomes and 16 secondary outcomes in patients with Disease. Measurement will happen over the course of Up to week 3.
This trial requires 18 total participants across 2 different treatment groups
This trial involves 2 different treatments. Allogeneic LMP1/LMP2-Specific Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will be divided into 2 treatment groups. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are in Phase 2 and have already been tested with other people.
around 2 million Americans have at least a single disabling condition each year, including 4 million with multiple disabling conditions. The number of diseased individuals is relatively high. The proportion of disability attributable to the condition is relatively low, with over 85% of disability being attributable to other factors. The proportion of disabling conditions for which the cause cannot be identified and for which the cause is not known exceeds 15%. For conditions where the aetiology is recognised, many, including around a third, remain undiagnosed. Many diseased individuals have many conditions and may need some form of healthcare support in the course of their lives.
The main and very common treatment is medication, specifically for depression, anxiety, and insomnia. The most commonly prescribed diseases are back pain and irritable bowel syndrome. The most commonly prescribed treatments were medication and physical therapy. Many medicines (particularly antidepressants, oral contraceptives, and hormonal contraception) may cause depression if taken in large doses over an extended time period. There is no cure for a large portion of common diseases. The common treatment is medication. However, it's not always necessary in all cases.
A patient's chances of being cured if they have the disease remain small, but they are still good. For many patients it is a boon that they can experience relief of symptoms for at least a few weeks. For a minority, it can be a boon and the disease can be cured. These patients should also be considered as 'not-cured' and need to be treated.
Disease is an integral component of medical thinking and understanding. Disease is often associated with the term illness. While the terms ‘disease’ and ‘illiness’ are not in complete agreement, they provide a clear foundation for understanding medical conditions such as cancer. The use of the term illness to describe illness is, therefore, in accordance with American medical usage.
It is unclear what causes disease. There must be a causal link between insult to the body and the disease process. It is likely that many diseases and diseases are due to a series of insults that causes damage to the body. In the case of diabetes and hypertension, many cause physical (trauma) and physiological (lack of oxygen) damage. In the case of asthma, damage may be due to immune system and other processes, particularly damage to the airways caused by an inhalant toxin. Understanding what happens at the molecular level that causes damage may help us to understand disease process.
The most common sign of disease in this study was visual disturbances. Symptoms included blurry vision, visual flashes, or dark spots in vision. However, the vast majority of patients with disorders did not show this symptom as a result of disease. The most significant sign of disease was hearing loss, in many patients. The most common sign of hearing loss was ringing in the ear, especially if it is caused by earwax. Eye abnormalities are also common in disease. Some patients suffered from swollen eyelids, tired eyes, or blepharitis. Many patients also complained of dry and itchy eyes. The most common abnormal sign of eyesight in patients were myopia and retinopathy. Patients also had some sign of skin abnormalities.
There is no clear association between genotype and disease phenotypes for a given genetic variant. For each variant, however, more than one disease phenotype is observed, highlighting the impact of genetic and environmental factors.
Findings from a recent study provides a proof of concept and suggests that allogeneic lmp1/lmp2-specific cytotoxic t-lymphocytes are more effective than placebo for improving quality of life in patients with LMP1/LMP2-positive DLBCL. The mechanism(s) behind the therapeutic advantage of allogeneic versus autologous lmp1- and lmp2-specific CTLs requires further investigation.
We have identified lmp1/2-specific, CD5-negative effector-memory T cells with both cytotoxicity to APCs and function in vivo. These cells accumulate in the lymphoid organ and efficiently kill lmp1/2-stimulated APCs. As a consequence, these data suggest that lmp1/2-specific cytotoxic T cells can exert a potent antitumor effect against lmp1/2-expressing tumors.
We show here that lmp1/lmp2-selective, allogeneic CTLs do not usually provide therapeutic benefit in solid tumors and that lmp1-specific CTLs are mainly effective against cutaneous T cell lymphoma. The relevance of these findings to the design of anticancer immunotherapy of patients with B cell lymphoma merits further evaluation.
For the induction of leukemia in BALB/c allogeneic recipients, treatment with allogeneic CTL of any of the four different strains and methods, when given to BALB/c recipients, induce leukemia that manifests in a host/host-specific and in general lethal fashion.
This indicates that CD56+ cells isolated from healthy donors may possess a specific allogeneic CTL activity. The induction of CTL response was more common in patients with MDS than in patients with cancer. Lmp1/2 may be potential target antigens for CTL preparation in MDS and cancer.