Appropriate use of antibiotics reduces resistance and protects patients from unnecessary harm. Important advances in antibiotic stewardship have been achieved in outpatient settings, but little is known about stewardship in the rapidly growing telehealth sector. Prior pragmatic randomized trials have shown that Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Core Element interventions constructed using insights from decision and social psychology can greatly reduce inappropriate prescribing in outpatient settings.
In a randomized trial, the investigators will adapt and test two aspects of CDC Core Elements in a telehealth environment (Teladoc®), each with two levels of intensity. Teladoc® clinicians will be randomized to the following interventions: 1) Performance Feedback (Trending, Benchmark Peer Comparison), 2) Commitment (Private, Public), or 3) Control. All randomization occurs at the provider level, with the exception of the Public Commitment arm, which requires patient-facing content that is determined by patient state. Clinicians and members will see the same messages across all pages, all channels & all consults during the 12-month study period. The primary outcome is to assess change in antibiotic prescribing rate for qualifying acute respiratory infection visits (ARIs).
Has No Placebo