This trial is evaluating whether Treatment will improve 1 primary outcome and 6 secondary outcomes in patients with Pyemia. Measurement will happen over the course of measured at 90 days after discharge to home.
This trial requires 1668 total participants across 5 different treatment groups
This trial involves 5 different treatments. Treatment is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.
In patients with pyemia, the risk of death is reduced by long-term antibiotic therapy, but not by the use of prophylactic antibiotics in persons not at risk.
Therapeutic strategies for pyemia treatment are complex, but all involve antibiotic therapy. Because these strategies vary by age group, physicians typically tailor treatment recommendations based on the age of the patient. In elderly women with urinary tract infections who are asymptomatic, antibiotics to prevent further complicated UTIs or bladder lesions are often prescribed.
Pyemia is a common and costly condition that often has a delayed and vague onset. In the prehospital environment, the diagnosis of pyemia is often missed, even when laboratory blood tests are performed. The majority of the time, physicians do not have the opportunity to suspect a pyemia. In the emergency department, the treatment of pyemia should be the main focus and prompt treatment is highly recommended.
It is estimated that in 2012 15 million US adults will be diagnosed with pyemia. This accounts for 26% of new cases in adults. Furthermore, about 7.9 million will die of this complication.
In summary, physical examination can assist in differentiating between pyemia and other causes of fevers. In particular, physical signs such as a cool, sluggish skin, rapid temperature rise, and a raised respiration rate are significant and can raise suspicion for pyemia. If the patient is haemodynamically unwell, it can be necessary to rule out a number of illnesses and conditions. Laboratory blood counts must be performed for timely diagnosis and for monitoring treatments. In patients who are haemodynamically unstable, the combination of low platelet count and elevated white cell count may be a useful criterion for suspicion and treatment of pyemia.
The source of pyemias is usually the urinary tract. Other potential causes, such as urinary tract infection, kidney disease or other chronic conditions, may need to be ruled out. Other causes of pyemias may include thromboses of veins, arteries or the spinal canal. Other causes include a wide range of other systemic and local conditions.\n
In the US, current clinical trials that include patients with a diagnosis of SLE are required by law to report adverse events which occur in greater than 12.5% of patients. The frequency of side effects reported in the clinical trial reporting database appear to match the frequency noted in the reports from previous clinical trials.
Patients treated safely with antibiotics are likely to benefit and should continue receiving treatment. The routine use of antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis in children is not supported by either clinical evidence or the evidence reviewed herein. However, the routine use of antibiotics for uncomplicated urinary tract infection and in certain respiratory infections is well established.
The common adverse effects are transient post-hemorrhagic thrombocytopenia. Most of them are related to hemorrhage, and are dose independent. The thrombocytopenia lasts after treatment has stopped. The most common manifestations of hemolysis are anasarca and fatigue.
With conventional treatment and antibiotic therapy, the 5-year survival for patients with sepsis was 53% as compared to 33% in patients with pyemia without sepsis. These figures highlight the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of sepsis (pyemia) in order to improve outcomes.
A small cohort of patients developed persistent pyonephrosis after treatment for non-obstructive aequolaparengia. No definite cause for the onset of pyonephrosis after pyelolithotomy has been established, but the fact that pyonephrosis always returns after pyelolithotomy and can be effectively treated with antibiotic treatment has led to speculation of either ongoing infection or malfunctioning of pyelolithotomy itself. A larger prospective study, with a longer follow-up is needed to elucidate the true significance of persistent pyonephrosis after pyelolithotomy.
Treatment regimens are commonly used in combination with other modalities to improve responses to antimicrobial treatment, particularly for MRSA and VRE. However, not all the studies provided data that could answer the question of the most appropriate regimen for treating people with VRE.