CLINICAL TRIAL

VR Stranger for Pain Threshold

Recruiting · 18+ · All Sexes · Ithaca, NY

Effects of Social Presence and Perception in Virtual Reality on Pain (SPP)

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About the trial for Pain Threshold

Treatment Groups

This trial involves 4 different treatments. VR Stranger is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

Experimental Group 1
VR Stranger
BEHAVIORAL
+
Video Close Other
BEHAVIORAL
+
VR Close Other
BEHAVIORAL
+
VR Alone
BEHAVIORAL
Control Group 2
VR Stranger
BEHAVIORAL
+
Video Close Other
BEHAVIORAL
+
VR Close Other
BEHAVIORAL
+
VR Alone
BEHAVIORAL
Control Group 3
VR Stranger
BEHAVIORAL
+
Video Close Other
BEHAVIORAL
+
VR Close Other
BEHAVIORAL
+
VR Alone
BEHAVIORAL
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Eligibility

This trial is for patients born any sex aged 18 and older. There is one eligibility criterion to participate in this trial as listed below.

Inclusion & Exclusion Checklist
Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
Consenting Adult
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Odds of Eligibility
Unknown<50%
Be sure to apply to 2-3 other trials, as you have a low likelihood of qualifying for this one.Apply To This Trial

Approximate Timelines

Please note that timelines for treatment and screening will vary by patient
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: varies
Reporting: Experience and subsequent survey time 5-15 minutes
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: Experience and subsequent survey time 5-15 minutes
This trial has approximate timelines as follows: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and reporting: Experience and subsequent survey time 5-15 minutes.
View detailed reporting requirements
Trial Expert
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- What options you have available- The pros & cons of this trial
- Whether you're likely to qualify- What the enrollment process looks like

Measurement Requirements

This trial is evaluating whether VR Stranger will improve 1 primary outcome and 3 secondary outcomes in patients with Pain Threshold. Measurement will happen over the course of 15 minutes between samples.

Cortisol levels
15 MINUTES BETWEEN SAMPLES
Cortisol levels derived from saliva samples
15 MINUTES BETWEEN SAMPLES
Pain threshold in degrees tolerated at end of trial
THE BEGINNING AND END OF EACH TRIAL < 90 SECONDS
Change in temperature from the beginning to the end of each trial (when the heat ramp begins, and when participants remove their hands) will be noted in milliseconds.
THE BEGINNING AND END OF EACH TRIAL < 90 SECONDS
Self-reported environmental presence
EXPERIENCE AND SUBSEQUENT SURVEY TIME 5-15 MINUTES
Questionnaire of self-reported feelings of environmental presence with the conversational partner
EXPERIENCE AND SUBSEQUENT SURVEY TIME 5-15 MINUTES
Self-reported social presence
EXPERIENCE AND SUBSEQUENT SURVEY TIME 5-15 MINUTES
Questionnaire of self-reported feelings of social presence with the conversational partner
EXPERIENCE AND SUBSEQUENT SURVEY TIME 5-15 MINUTES

Patient Q & A Section

Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.

What are the signs of pain threshold?

The present study highlights the importance of identifying the correct cause of pain in patients with chronic pain. It has also highlighted the need for pain to be recorded accurately.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What causes pain threshold?

Findings from a recent study of the present study suggest that pain is a cognitive-behavioral type of emotion (i.e., emotional pain) and that it may be more easily modified than physical pain. Findings from a recent study of the present study also suggest that individuals with a pain sensitivity profile, such as increased pain sensitivity, may have a greater chance of experiencing both physical and emotional pain.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What are common treatments for pain threshold?

Pain threshold is often measured by an evoked electromyogram and electrical stimulation. The electrical stimulation of a specific area of the body such as the heel of a human can be used to characterize what is happening and is known as the Von Frey fiber, a fiber with a thickness of less than 0.1 micrometers (µm). One common pain threshold treatment consists of electrical stimulation of the Von Frey fiber. A number of other common treatments exist such as massage, heat, and relaxation. Although medical treatments may sometimes be helpful, many people prefer complementary alternative medicine (CAM).

Anonymous Patient Answer

How many people get pain threshold a year in the United States?

Approximately 22 million people currently suffer from long-term pain. Patients who receive regular care for their pain conditions have lower prevalence of pain than those who do not. For those patients who seek care for persistent pain, about 26 million people have pain threshold. A high prevalence of PTHM is found for patients for whom pain is more severe, longer in duration, or occurs more frequently.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Can pain threshold be cured?

There is no general consensus regarding whether or not pain threshold can be cured. With good treatment, many patients can get better pain relief from opioids or opioid-neuromodulators. For patients intolerant or unwilling to take opioids or other pain relievers, they need to be switched to a non-opioid medication other than opioids, preferably a neuromodulator called a non-narcotic non-opioid medication, such as buprenorphine.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is pain threshold?

This test of sensation (pain threshold), as well as that of discrimination (pain detection threshold, sensory loss), is useful in determining if a person has a problem with his or her sensory system.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What are the latest developments in vr stranger for therapeutic use?

A number of methods are currently available to evaluate and monitor pain and physical functioning among people with a variety of chronic conditions. The use of the TOS score, a simple to use (approximately 5 minutes) clinician-administered tool for patients presenting to primary care, to monitor treatment response and guide intervention has been demonstrated in at least one randomized control clinical trial.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Have there been any new discoveries for treating pain threshold?

There have been many advances since it was originally researched. There have been many developments in pain threshold, such as the use of electric shock treatment. In the future, there have been many additional studies on pain thresholds that may help in treating the pain.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is the latest research for pain threshold?

There have not been any new breakthroughs in the management of pain. Thus far the most promising treatment focuses on treatment of symptoms such as neuropathic pain. The use of antidepressants may be an alternative, but it has not been adequately studied. However, antidepressants can have the side effect of insomnia, thus it is not advised in those with insomnia. Another treatment option is to use an oral, non-narcotic, opioid pain medication such as hydrocodone or oxycodone. There have been no studies on hydrocodone. An oral, nonnarcotic opioid such as oxycodone has been used in patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis and found it is an effective and well functioning treatment.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Does pain threshold run in families?

Although no association of BPT with pain was demonstrated and the association could in part not be explained by confounding or mediation through family history, the small effect size observed suggests that BPT levels may partly be influenced by genetic factors.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Is vr stranger safe for people?

The VR can produce a significant pain-related fear. The VR appears to be safe if it is administered in an experience that is familiar to the users and involves a minimum of pressure on the skin. The VR cannot be recommended as an alternative to an epidural if it is performed on a naïve patient.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Have there been other clinical trials involving vr stranger?

In order to provide effective pain intervention, the future clinical trials in this area should be designed by carefully evaluating the treatment's effectiveness and by ensuring that the treatments being applied do not introduce [some risks or problems that could not be considered clinically acceptable]to [patients].

Anonymous Patient Answer
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