Treatment for Central Nervous System Neoplasms

High Risk
Newly Diagnosed
Stage I
Recruiting · Any Age · All Sexes · Minneapolis, MN

This study is evaluating whether a standard of care treatment for certain types of cancer is effective.

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About the trial for Central Nervous System Neoplasms

Eligible Conditions
Tumors of the Central Nervous System · Retinoblastoma · Sarcoma · Primary Malignant Brain Neoplasms · Germ Cell Tumors · Central Nervous System Neoplasms · Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS) · Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor (AT/RT) · Rhabdoid Tumor · Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive · Medulloblastoma · Brain Neoplasms · Neoplasms · Renal Tumors · Rhabdomyosarcoma · Hepatoblastoma · Neuroectodermal Tumors · Ewing's Family Tumors · Supra-tentorial Primative Neuro-Ectodermal Tumor (PNET)

Treatment Groups

This trial involves a single treatment. Treatment is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

Main TreatmentA portion of participants receive this new treatment to see if it outperforms the control.
Control TreatmentAnother portion of participants receive the standard treatment to act as a baseline.


This trial is for patients born any sex of any age. You must have received newly diagnosed for Central Nervous System Neoplasms or one of the other 18 conditions listed above. There are 10 eligibility criteria to participate in this trial as listed below.

Inclusion & Exclusion Checklist
Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
Hepatoblastoma is a tumor that starts in the liver show original
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancer that starts in cells that line the tubes that carry blood throughout the body (blood vessels) show original
The text discusses the diagnosis and relapse of brain tumors in people who are 18 years old or younger. show original
All patients diagnosed with cancer must have a histological verification of the cancer. show original
Eligible diseases are listed in the table below show original
The arm includes patients with a solid tumor that is a Ewing's family tumor (ES/PNET/DSRCT), that has metastasized at the time of diagnosis, or who have had a relapse after therapy. show original
patients Patients with renal tumors who have had a relapse (all histology - Wilm's tumor) or who were diagnosed with the disease at the time of surgery (clear cell sarcoma and Rhabdoid tumor) have a worse prognosis than those without a relapse or who were diagnosed with the disease at a later stage. show original
A disease that is responsive to chemotherapy is one that is treated effectively with this type of medication show original
tumors The text is about a type of cancer called retinoblastoma show original
CNS lymphoma can be primary or secondary show original
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Odds of Eligibility
Be sure to apply to 2-3 other trials, as you have a low likelihood of qualifying for this one.Apply To This Trial
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Approximate Timelines

Please note that timelines for treatment and screening will vary by patient
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: varies
Reporting: 3 Years
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: 3 Years
This trial has approximate timelines as follows: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and reporting: 3 Years.
View detailed reporting requirements
Trial Expert
Connect with the researchersHop on a 15 minute call & ask questions about:
- What options you have available- The pros & cons of this trial
- Whether you're likely to qualify- What the enrollment process looks like

Measurement Requirements

This trial is evaluating whether Treatment will improve 1 primary outcome and 3 secondary outcomes in patients with Central Nervous System Neoplasms. Measurement will happen over the course of Day 42.

Number of Patients Who Achieved Transplant Engraftment
DAY 42
Engraftment is defined as absolute neutrophil recovery > 500 cells/ul.
DAY 42
Treatment-Related Mortality
DAY 100
Number of patients died due to treatment received.
DAY 100
Overall Survival
Number of patients who have received autologous transplant for high risk or relapsed solid tumor and certain CNS tumors and are alive at 1 year.
Disease Free Survival
Number of patients who do not have evidence of disease returning after transplant (alive and in remission).

Patient Q & A Section

Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.

What are the signs of central nervous system neoplasms?

Symptoms that may indicate a CNS neoplasm include headache, nausea, vomiting and blurred vision. The neurologic exam may reveal a sensory loss (e.g. loss of muscle tone or coordination), weakness (e.g. limb weakness), or diminished reflexes (e.g. patellar reflex, knee extension). Seizures and mental status changes (e.g. altered level of consciousness, psychosis) are also commonly seen.\n\nSymptoms in the central nervous system are nonspecific. Common signs seen in the neurologic exam include focal changes, e.g.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What are common treatments for central nervous system neoplasms?

Neoplasms of the central nervous system have a high morbidity and high mortality, which can be linked to the type and grade of the neoplasm, as well as the extent and location the neoplasm affects. It is key to consider the symptoms of the patient while making a diagnosis as well as the extent of the neoplasm and to start a targeted therapy tailored to the needs of that patient, since a better quality of life can be obtained with a targeted therapy.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is central nervous system neoplasms?

CANDOC data will be used to help with diagnostic algorithms for tumors that mimic a CANDOC. Tumor heterogeneity may contribute to diagnostic confusion, which raises the possibility of missed or inappropriate treatment.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What causes central nervous system neoplasms?

Current environmental exposures, with the exception of radiation exposure, were more common in CNS cancers relative to the general population than was previously thought. Further research is advised to identify specific environmental exposures and possible tumor pathways.

Anonymous Patient Answer

How many people get central nervous system neoplasms a year in the United States?

The number of cases of the most common type of [brain tumor]( per year in the US is approximately 6,500. The most frequent site of brain tumor is the supratentorial cavity (48% of brain tumor cases). The two most frequent main types of brain tumors are meningioma and glioma; the most common form is the astrocytoma. At some point in their course, about 30% of tumors may invade the spinal cord, but only 15% of these tumors have any symptoms or need surgical intervention. An overall brain tumor incidence rate of 1.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Can central nervous system neoplasms be cured?

Cancers of the central nervous system are very difficult to treat. A large number of patients will be left with significant neurologic deficits caused by these cancers. Although there are some curative treatments for glioblastomas and metastases, most other malignancies of the central nervous system are incurable. Nevertheless, patients with low-grade glioma may continue to have durable improvements in their symptoms. While overall survival is poor in patients with high-grade gliomas, many patients with glioma have long-term survival.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is treatment?

The most important treatment for CNS tumors in children may be the best available treatment for that specific tumor type. However once the tumor has metastasized or grown its own blood vessels through the blood brain barrier then it becomes more difficult to treat with high doses of radiation. There is no standard for the dose of radiation that should be applied to a cancerous brain mass. The radiation must be effective against both the primary tumor as well as the primary metastatic tumor sites. For most pediatric brain tumor patients, chemotherapy is the treatment of choice. The chemotherapy treatment depends on the exact tumor type and is not necessarily the same for patients of all ages.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Have there been any new discoveries for treating central nervous system neoplasms?

There are some new ways to treat central nervous system neoplasms by using gene therapy, stem cell transplants, radiation therapy, and anti-angiogenesis drugs. This is only true for the treatment of CNS neoplasms. There is not much research on CNS tumours being treated. The lack of information is worrying because clinicians want [the] clinical treatment of CNS tumours to have more information to guide diagnosis and treatment.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is the latest research for central nervous system neoplasms?

A variety of surgical treatments have been used to treat patients with metastasized central nervous system neoplasms. New research has been found to provide therapeutic benefits. Specifically, targeting metastatic central nervous system neoplasms such as brain metastases with radiosurgery and radiosensitization techniques such as photodynamic therapy have been shown as effective to decrease tumor size and progression. Although further studies are needed, these techniques could help improve the quality of life for metastasized central nervous system neoplasm patients. The most current treatments and studies are reviewed here (Table 2).

Anonymous Patient Answer

Is treatment safe for people?

A significant proportion of the side-effects of treatment for CNS neoplasms are related to side-effects of conventional treatments in conventional oncolytic systems. Because the magnitude of this effect is often underestimated, patients, their families, and treatment team members should be aware that these side-effects are likely to occur and should discuss this issue with their healthcare team during consultation.

Anonymous Patient Answer

What is the average age someone gets central nervous system neoplasms?

The age-adjusted CINR value (0.94 ± 0.05, mean ± standard deviation) was not significantly different from that reported for other cancers. Results from a recent paper are in keeping with a number of previous studies and suggest that CINR alone is a reasonable indicator of the efficacy of treatment with systemic chemotherapy. The age-adjusted CINR may be a relevant indicator of disease control in the individual treatment setting that has emerged for some, but not all, pediatric cancers.

Anonymous Patient Answer

Has treatment proven to be more effective than a placebo?

After a follow-up period of 36 months, there was no significant difference between patients treated by surgery and patients treated by surgery plus radiotherapy. Patients who received radiotherapy had no benefits in overall survival or neurological benefits compared to those who were simply followed. Radiotherapy seems to be of no advantage to the patients in terms of seizure or neurological status. The survival was not affected by treatment.

Anonymous Patient Answer
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