Behavioral: Motivational Interview (MI) for Alcohol Drinking

Phase-Based Progress Estimates
1
Effectiveness
1
Safety
The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI
Alcohol Drinking
Behavioral: Motivational Interview (MI) - Behavioral
Eligibility
18 - 65
Female
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Study Summary

This study is evaluating whether a set of activities can reduce alcohol use in women who identify as lesbian and bisexual.

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Treatment Effectiveness

Study Objectives

This trial is evaluating whether Behavioral: Motivational Interview (MI) will improve 2 primary outcomes and 2 secondary outcomes in patients with Alcohol Drinking. Measurement will happen over the course of Immediately post-intervention.

Immediately post-intervention
Acceptability of Intervention
Month 4
Alcohol consequences
Alcohol use quantity
Feasibility of Intervention

Trial Safety

Trial Design

2 Treatment Groups

Behavioral: Health Coaching (HC)
1 of 2
Behavioral: Motivational Interview (MI)
1 of 2
Active Control
Experimental Treatment

This trial requires 70 total participants across 2 different treatment groups

This trial involves 2 different treatments. Behavioral: Motivational Interview (MI) is the primary treatment being studied. Participants will all receive the same treatment. There is no placebo group. The treatments being tested are not being studied for commercial purposes.

Behavioral: Motivational Interview (MI)
Behavioral
Participants will complete a brief motivational interview focusing on determinants of women's alcohol use, including a focus on normative perceptions as well as motives for drinking.
Behavioral: Health Coaching (HC)
Behavioral
Participants will complete a brief health coaching interview and session focusing on educational modules.

Trial Logistics

Trial Timeline

Approximate Timeline
Screening: ~3 weeks
Treatment: Varies
Reporting: through study completion, an average of 4 months
This trial has the following approximate timeline: 3 weeks for initial screening, variable treatment timelines, and roughly through study completion, an average of 4 months for reporting.

Closest Location

The Miriam Hospital - Providence, RI

Eligibility Criteria

This trial is for female patients between 18 and 65 years old. There are 4 eligibility criteria to participate in this trial as listed below.

Mark “yes” if the following statements are true for you:
She identifies as a woman who is not heterosexual. show original
I can speak English show original
check back later This text is currently reporting heavy drinking, but it will be checked later to see if this is still the case. show original
Female;

Patient Q&A Section

How many people get alcohol drinking a year in the United States?

"More Americans want to curb or quit drinking alcohol and fewer drinkers want more drinking, but the majority of those who want to curtail drinking want it substantially limited. This is one of the highest levels of drinking desired, and, if sustained, could provide a substantial opportunity for achieving heavy drinking reductions." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is alcohol drinking?

"Alcohol consumption is a widely accepted health hazard, but alcohol consumption is also the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. It is estimated that some 3% of all deaths each year can be attributed to alcohol-related problems." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Can alcohol drinking be cured?

"Alcohol can be eliminated from the lifetime of at least 30% of the male population. However, since alcohol is a very versatile drug, with its effects ranging from euphoria to depression, substance abuse can eventually replace an initial abstinence from alcohol and the use of substances can be restored." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What are the signs of alcohol drinking?

"Alcohol drinking results in a more negative impact on some individuals than others. The signs a person may have of alcohol drinking may relate more to past experience of alcohol with a person rather than current level of alcohol intake." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What causes alcohol drinking?

"Drinking is a complex behavior, impacted by personality traits, situational circumstances and the relationship between a person and an individual. There is debate in which cause(s) should be recognized as the basis of drinking." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What are common treatments for alcohol drinking?

"Alcohol is a common drug of abuse. Alcohol expectorants, such as the diuretics and anticholinesterases are commonly used to treat alcohol dependence. A number of different medical, behavioral, and psychological interventions have been used to treat alcohol dependence. All in all, there are few available treatments for alcoholism." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is the primary cause of alcohol drinking?

"The primary factors that are associated with alcohol problem behavior in men are low educational attainment and the presence of high levels of family social disapproval of drinking, both of which may have strong genetic origins. The primary factors that are associated with alcohol problem behavior in women are low income, low educational attainment and being currently married. These factors are also of strong etiologic importance even though they are also largely determined by heredity." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Have there been any new discoveries for treating alcohol drinking?

"There have been no substantive significant medical breakthroughs in treating alcohol dependence over the last 15 years. For most patients, the progress made in drug development is very slow and it will take a considerable effort to develop drugs for alcohol dependence. There needs to be more research on new drug therapies and improved monitoring is needed; a larger, better-designed clinical trial with a longer follow-up time is essential to examine alcohol dependence in a prospective manner." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What are the latest developments in behavioral: motivational interview (mi) for therapeutic use?

"With proper training and implementation, the use of the MI for treatment may help to enhance the positive effects of short-term behavioral interventions in addiction and smoking cessation." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

Is behavioral: motivational interview (mi) typically used in combination with any other treatments?

"When combined with motivational interviewing, brief intervention methods appear to improve abstinence outcomes. The addition of the provision of an alcoholic beverage is ineffective. Both the mi+CBT and mi+BT-AB groups (relative to the MI+AB group) reported a significant, albeit modest, abstinence benefit. Further research seems warranted." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

What is the latest research for alcohol drinking?

"The available information is limited but the literature has been growing in the last decade. There is not a consensus on what level of alcohol consumption provides better outcomes or is the best lifestyle modification for people recovering from a major alcohol-related disease. There is a need for a large, reliable and rigorous study to resolve many of the questions surrounding alcohol and major alcohol-associated diseases." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer

How does behavioral: motivational interview (mi) work?

"MI was the most important factor associated with positive changes in alcohol use (P<0.01) and other alcohol outcomes. Participants were generally satisfied with treatment. MI may be useful as an adjunct to current alcohol self-help and referral programs." - Anonymous Online Contributor

Unverified Answer
Please Note: These questions and answers are submitted by anonymous patients, and have not been verified by our internal team.
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